• Exploration of Cardiology

    eISSN: 2994-5526
    EiC: Prof. Eugenio Picano
    Frequency: Bimonthly
    APC: No Article Processing Charge before Jul 31, 2028
    Publishing Model: Open Access
    Peer Review Model: Single Blind
    Indexing & Archiving: Google Scholar, ResearchGate
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    Articles
    Open Access
    Editorial
    Who is the author: genuine, honorary, ghost, gold, and fake authors?
    While authorship practices can vary across different disciplines, authorship should reflect the individuals who have made a substantial contribution to the research project, take public responsibili [...] Read more.
    Eugenio Picano
    Published: May 13, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:88–96
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00024
    View:140
    Download:12
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Impact of iodinated contrast media on X-ray-induced DNA damage: a comprehensive review
    Drawing insights from a spectrum of in vitro, in vivo experimental, and clinical studies, this review illuminates the underlying mechanism by which iodinated contrast media (ICM) exerts an indirect  [...] Read more.
    Chiara Iacconi ... Enrica Ciofini
    Published: April 19, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:79–87
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00023
    View:413
    Download:13
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Coronary calcification on invasive angiography and the Agatston score—a single-center experience
    Aim: The pattern and severity of coronary artery calcification (CAC) can influence prognosis and outcome in percutaneous coronary intervention. An objective assessment of CAC during invasive angi [...] Read more.
    Zafraan Zathar ... Vinoda Sharma
    Published: April 15, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:67–78
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00022
    View:462
    Download:12
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Nanoparticles loaded with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor SGI-1027 decrease murine atherosclerosis and inflammation in cultured human macrophages
    Aim: The DNA of the atheroma is hypermethylated relative to adjacent healthy vascular tissue. A significant portion of hypermethylated loci in the atheroma DNA map to genes related to macrophage  [...] Read more.
    Ana Cristina Márquez-Sánchez ... Silvio Zaina
    Published: April 10, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:49–66
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00021
    View:517
    Download:11
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Role of cardio-ankle vascular index as a predictor of left ventricular hypertrophy in the evaluation of pediatric hypertension
    Aim: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a marker of arterial stiffness independent of blood pressure (BP) at the time of measurement. This work sought to evaluate the association of CAVI with  [...] Read more.
    Evan Harvey ... Ranjit Philip
    Published: April 06, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:40–48
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00020
    This article belongs to the special issue Environmental Cardiology
    View:556
    Download:13
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Perspective
    Coronary myocardial bridge imaging by stress-echocardiography and coronary adipose tissue attenuation on computed tomography angiography
    Myocardial bridging is a congenital defect characterized by the course of a segment of the coronary arteries within the heart muscle most frequently affecting the left anterior descending coronary a [...] Read more.
    Domenico Tuttolomondo ... Nicola Gaibazzi
    Published: February 29, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:31–39
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00019
    View:419
    Download:15
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Coronary external diameter index for assessing coronary artery involvement in Kawasaki disease
    Aim: Transthoracic echocardiography is commonly used to assess coronary artery dilatation in Kawasaki disease (KD). However, existing criteria often miss early abnormalities. This study examines  [...] Read more.
    Andrea Azzarelli ... Francesco Vierucci
    Published: October 31, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:103–113
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00011
    View:2941
    Download:175
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Mitral valve prolapse—arrhythmic faces of the valve disease
    Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a relatively common mitral valvulopathy and the most common cause of isolated primary mitral regurgitation (MR) requiring surgical repair. It affects about 1–3% of t [...] Read more.
    Maria Możdżan ... Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik
    View:1145
    Download:49
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Alcohol—dose question and the weakest link in a chemical interplay
    The deleterious consequences of alcohol consumption are extensively documented across various dimensions of human health, encompassing somatic disorders such as nervous system impairments, digestive [...] Read more.
    Piotr Hamala, Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik
    Open Access
    Editorial
    Exploration of Cardiology: a new journal is born
    Eugenio Picano
    Published: July 01, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:1–3
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00001
    View:813
    Download:24
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Feasibility of coronary flow velocity reserve during semi-supine exercise echocardiography: a single center study of 3,014 patients
    Aim: There is a lack of studies that analyzed factors influencing on feasibility of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) during exercise stress echocardiography (SE). The aim of the study was to [...] Read more.
    Angela Zagatina ... Elena Kalinina
    Published: February 04, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:9–18
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00017
    View:786
    Download:16
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Echocardiographic predictors of outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    The use of echocardiography, a straightforward and widely available technique, allows for a comprehensive assessment of the patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) under both resting and stre [...] Read more.
    Annamaria Del Franco ... Iacopo Olivotto
    View:780
    Download:26
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Coronary external diameter index for assessing coronary artery involvement in Kawasaki disease
    Aim: Transthoracic echocardiography is commonly used to assess coronary artery dilatation in Kawasaki disease (KD). However, existing criteria often miss early abnormalities. This study examines  [...] Read more.
    Andrea Azzarelli ... Francesco Vierucci
    Published: October 31, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:103–113
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00011
    View:2941
    Download:175
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Mitral valve prolapse—arrhythmic faces of the valve disease
    Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a relatively common mitral valvulopathy and the most common cause of isolated primary mitral regurgitation (MR) requiring surgical repair. It affects about 1–3% of t [...] Read more.
    Maria Możdżan ... Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik
    View:1145
    Download:49
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Echocardiographic predictors of outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    The use of echocardiography, a straightforward and widely available technique, allows for a comprehensive assessment of the patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) under both resting and stre [...] Read more.
    Annamaria Del Franco ... Iacopo Olivotto
    View:780
    Download:26
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Editorial
    Exploration of Cardiology: a new journal is born
    Eugenio Picano
    Published: July 01, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:1–3
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00001
    View:813
    Download:24
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Perspective
    Coronary vasospasm testing: escape from the cath lab!
    Coronary vasospasm stands as a widely acknowledged and frequent culprit behind chest pain, acute coronary syndrome, and sudden cardiac death, yet it remains a challenging diagnosis. Current guidelin [...] Read more.
    Ana Djordjevic Dikic ... Vojislav Giga
    Published: February 04, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:1–8
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00016
    View:427
    Download:23
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Why and when should be lipoprotein(a) level measured?
    Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is composed of a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and glycoprotein (a)—apo(a). The size and concentration of Lp(a) in serum can vary among individuals and is determined by gene [...] Read more.
    Miłosz Broncel, Marlena Broncel
    View:498
    Download:22
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Review
    Alcohol—dose question and the weakest link in a chemical interplay
    The deleterious consequences of alcohol consumption are extensively documented across various dimensions of human health, encompassing somatic disorders such as nervous system impairments, digestive [...] Read more.
    Piotr Hamala, Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Normal physiologic coronary flow velocity gradient across the left anterior descending artery in healthy asymptomatic subjects
    Aim: Coronary flow velocity (CFV) can be obtained with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The physiologic flow velocity gradient across th [...] Read more.
    Fausto Rigo ... Maurizio Agnoletto
    Published: August 31, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:42–48
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00006
    Open Access
    Editorial
    Exploration of Cardiology: a new journal is born
    Eugenio Picano
    Published: July 01, 2023 Explor Cardiol. 2023;1:1–3
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2023.00001
    View:813
    Download:24
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Left atrium stress echocardiography: correlation between left atrial volume, function, and B-lines at rest and during stress
    Aim: Left atrial volume index (LAVI), left atrial reservoir function through left atrial reservoir strain (LASr), and B-lines in lung ultrasound serve as supplementary indicators of left ventricu [...] Read more.
    Costantina Prota ... Quirino Ciampi
    Published: February 26, 2024 Explor Cardiol. 2024;2:19–30
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.37349/ec.2024.00018
    View:360
    Download:13
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    In search of heart barometer—advantage of left atrial dimension over electrocardiographic indices of left ventricular hypertrophy in arterial hypertension
    Aim: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is a common and relevant complication of arterial hypertension (AH) and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is widely used for its preliminary assessment. [...] Read more.
    Bogusława Nowak ... Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik
    View:682
    Download:17
    Times Cited: 0
    Open Access
    Original Article
    Left ventricular systolic function and initial exercise capacity—their importance for results of cardiac rehabilitation after acute coronary syndrome
    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare initial and final exercise tolerance and to evaluate the determinants of exercise capacity improvement—after three weeks of inpatient cardiac rehabilit [...] Read more.
    Barbara Uznańska-Loch ... Tomasz Rechciński
    View:623
    Download:11
    Times Cited: 0
    Special Issues
    From the Editor-in-Chief
    Exploration of Cardiology (EC) is a new open-access journal from Open Exploration publisher. The journal aims to provide, at this moment free of charge, an open forum for scholarly research on a range of topics. There are many good cardiology journals, with excellent editors, and still, one more journal may have a unique role in promoting research and debate in the new era of environmental cardiology and the obligatory quest for economic, legal, and environmental sustainability of cardiology practice. Healthcare money shortage and energy crisis, the pandemic pressure, climate change, and increasing evidence of environmental roots of cardiovascular disease pose new challenges to clinical cardiologists, researchers, and professional societies. Based on these principles, the EC will place a special emphasis on all techniques, methods, and practices promoting the development of ‘green’ (climate-neutral) and ‘blue’ (sustainable) cardiology. EC will publish Original Articles, Reviews, Protocols, Commentaries, Perspectives, and Editorials, and will also regularly publish special exploration issues to highlight advances at the cutting edge of research. I invite you to consider publishing your next paper with us and help us put EC in a prominent place in the cardiovascular editorial domains. As editor-in-Chief, I take a commitment to respecting the Author’s rights to fast and fair review and to do this in the best possible way with an inner team of associate editors who will work to serve our submitting authors, who are the real strength of any journal.
    Eugenio Picano
    Editor-in-Chief of Exploration of Cardiology