Neuropsychological assessments in the BrainCheck Sport Battery

Assessment Description Measurement
Flanker We presented participants with a target arrow pointing to the left or right. The target was surrounded by congruent (> > > > >), or incongruent (<< > <<) arrows. Participants identified the direction of the target as quickly and accurately as possible. Reaction time
Digit Symbol Substitution Participants must match an arbitrary correspondence of symbols to digits; when presented with a new symbol, they input as quickly as possible the corresponding digit. Cognitive processing
Stroop Participants are instructed to find a word matching the given name of a color. There are two types of trials: CONGRUENT in which the word name and font color are the same (e.g., the word RED presented in red font), and INCONGRUENT in which the word name indicates a different color than the font (e.g., the word RED presented in green font). Cognitive executive function
Trail Making Participants are instructed to connect a set of 25 dots in their correct order as rapidly as possible. Trail Making Test A uses only numbers (1 through 25), while Trail Making Test B employs alternating letters and numbers (1 – A – 2 – B – 3 – C –…). Visual attention and cognitive flexibility
Coordination A ball is displayed on the tablet, moving according to the tilt of the tablet. A participant holds the tablet out in front at arm’s length and tilts it appropriately to keep the ball in a central circle. Coordination ability
Immediate and Delayed Recognition First, immediate recognition is measured by serially displaying 10 words, and then asking whether a word was just seen—either a distractor word or a target word (20 trials). At the end of the testing battery, without seeing the original list again, participants are again presented with 20 words and asked whether each word was presented before. Memory