Array ( [0] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 389 [Create_Time] => 2022-09-22 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202304/20230428064726.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10101/10101.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10101/10101.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10101/10101_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Exploration of Foods and Foodomics: a new adventure [Abstract] => [AbstractComplete] => [Names] => Alejandro Cifuentes, Elena Ibáñez [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2022.00001 [Published] => March 01, 2023 [Viewed] => 1345 [Downloaded] => 96 [Subject] => Editorial [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2022.00001 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:1–4 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10101 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10101/55f9eb49c88ed0f8f5e121cff0bf1362.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10101/6bb589cb5495628352072653b5d32b8e.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Cifuentes A, Ibáñez E. Exploration of Foods and Foodomics: a new adventure. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:1–4. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2022.00001 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => AlejandroCifuentes,ElenaIbáñez, [CEmail] => a.cifuentes@csic.es,elena.ibanez@csic.es, [Ris_Time] => 2022-09-21 02:51:09 [Bib_Time] => 2022-09-21 02:51:09 [KeysWordContens] => Exploration of Foods and Foodomics: a new adventure,,,Alejandro Cifuentes, Elena Ibáñez [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 36 [Zh] => 1 ) [1] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 562 [Create_Time] => 2023-04-26 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202305/20230511022604.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10102/10102.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10102/10102.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10102/10102_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Phytochemical screening of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts cultivated in Greece and their potential as health boosters [Abstract] => Aim: The scope of the present study was to investigate the phytochemical profile of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts, from plants cultivated on Crete island in Greece. [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The scope of the present study was to investigate the phytochemical profile of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts, from plants cultivated on Crete island in Greece.

Methods:

Total phenolic content (TPC) in the aqueous extracts was determined spectrometrically using the Folin-Ciocalteu (F-C) assay. The identification and quantification of different phenolic compounds in the aqueous extracts were conducted using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) analysis. Different metals were also determined (K, Fe, Zn, Ca, Mg, Pb, and Cd) to investigate the potential health claims or hazards in the water extractable infusion using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method.

Results:

TPC in the aqueous extracts was found to be 28.0 g gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/kg dry leaves for Psidium guajava leaves aqueous extract and 15.0 g GAE/kg dry leaves for Carica papaya leaves aqueous extract. The dominant phenolic compounds in Psidium guajava leaves aqueous extract were myricetin (3,852 mg/kg dry sample) and rutin (670 mg/kg dry sample) while the dominant phenolic compounds in Carica papaya leaves aqueous extract were salicylic acid (338 mg/kg dry sample) and rutin (264 mg/kg dry sample). Different metals were also determined (K, Fe, Zn, Ca, Mg, Pb, and Cd) to investigate the potential health claims or hazards in the water extractable infusion, and it was found that no toxic metals were extracted whereas some nutritional benefits were achieved.

Conclusions:

Results proved that Psidium guajava and Carica papaya can be provided a strong antioxidant activity and can be used as medicinal plants.

[Names] => Dimitrios D. Ntakoulas ... Charalampos Proestos [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00002 [Published] => April 26, 2023 [Viewed] => 1212 [Downloaded] => 37 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00002 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:5–14 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Psidium guajava leaves, Carica papaya leaves, phytochemical profile, phenolic compounds, health claims, elemental content [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10102 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10102/04d93eb0af8155959c245f343825f572.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10102/c44546962fa9cbd00957c8a7f828b953.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Ntakoulas DD, Pasias IN, Raptopoulou KG, Dimitriou G, Proestos C. Phytochemical screening of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts cultivated in Greece and their potential as health boosters. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:5–14. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00002 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => CharalamposProestos, [CEmail] => harpro@chem.uoa.gr, [Ris_Time] => 2023-04-25 08:06:00 [Bib_Time] => 2023-04-25 08:06:00 [KeysWordContens] => Phytochemical screening of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts cultivated in Greece and their potential as health boosters, Psidium guajava leaves, Carica papaya leaves, phytochemical profile, phenolic compounds, health claims, elemental content, Aim: The scope of the present study was to investigate the phytochemical profile of Psidium guajava and Carica papaya leaves aqueous extracts, from plants cultivated on Crete island in Greece. Methods: Total phenolic content (TPC) in the aqueous extracts was determined spectrometrically using the Folin-Ciocalteu (F-C) assay. The identification and quantification of different phenolic compounds in the aqueous extracts were conducted using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) analysis. Different metals were also determined (K, Fe, Zn, Ca, Mg, Pb, and Cd) to investigate the potential health claims or hazards in the water extractable infusion using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method. Results: TPC in the aqueous extracts was found to be 28.0 g gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/kg dry leaves for Psidium guajava leaves aqueous extract and 15.0 g GAE/kg dry leaves for Carica papaya leaves aqueous extract. The dominant phenolic compounds in Psidium guajava leaves aqueous extract were myricetin (3,852 mg/kg dry sample) and rutin (670 mg/kg dry sample) while the dominant phenolic compounds in Carica papaya leaves aqueous extract were salicylic acid (338 mg/kg dry sample) and rutin (264 mg/kg dry sample). Different metals were also determined (K, Fe, Zn, Ca, Mg, Pb, and Cd) to investigate the potential health claims or hazards in the water extractable infusion, and it was found that no toxic metals were extracted whereas some nutritional benefits were achieved. Conclusions: Results proved that Psidium guajava and Carica papaya can be provided a strong antioxidant activity and can be used as medicinal plants. ,Dimitrios D. Ntakoulas ... Charalampos Proestos [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 38 [Zh] => 1 ) [2] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 563 [Create_Time] => 2023-04-27 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202304/20230427052158.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10103/10103.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10103/10103.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10103/10103_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Atlantic algae as food and their extracts [Abstract] => Among the species of the rich algological flora of the North Atlantic, some can be used for direct consumption in human food, although few are currently cultivated on a large scale and/or marketed f [AbstractComplete] =>

Among the species of the rich algological flora of the North Atlantic, some can be used for direct consumption in human food, although few are currently cultivated on a large scale and/or marketed for this purpose. The European tradition regarding this custom is practically nil and the expression of current eating habits is little different from the past. In Europe, only in times of hunger (for example, during the Great World Wars) was seaweed consumed by the populations closest to the coastline. In addition to the multiple applications described, which expanded enormously in the 1970s, based on phycocolloids (agar, carrageenans, and alginates)—used as thickeners in the food industry, in soups, meat preserves, dairy products, and pastries—there is currently a trend of increasing consumption, both in North America and Europe.

[Names] => Leonel Pereira [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00003 [Published] => April 27, 2023 [Viewed] => 2403 [Downloaded] => 89 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00003 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 133 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:15–31 [Recommend] => 1 [Keywords] => Macroalgae, Atlantic seaweeds, novel food, nutritional composition, polysaccharides, phycocolloids, sea vegetables, vitamins [DetailTitle] => The food (r)evolution towards food quality/security and human nutrition [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/133 [Id] => 10103 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10103/89078ac11279eb1d94cab8f942634cef.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10103/cb4efb726cdf56720f3d433872d0e9e4.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 3 [Cited_Time] => 2024-04-23 [CitethisArticle] => Pereira L. Atlantic algae as food and their extracts. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:15–31. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00003 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-04-25 08:27:53 [Bib_Time] => 2023-04-25 08:27:53 [KeysWordContens] => Atlantic algae as food and their extracts, Macroalgae, Atlantic seaweeds, novel food, nutritional composition, polysaccharides, phycocolloids, sea vegetables, vitamins, Among the species of the rich algological flora of the North Atlantic, some can be used for direct consumption in human food, although few are currently cultivated on a large scale and/or marketed for this purpose. The European tradition regarding this custom is practically nil and the expression of current eating habits is little different from the past. In Europe, only in times of hunger (for example, during the Great World Wars) was seaweed consumed by the populations closest to the coastline. In addition to the multiple applications described, which expanded enormously in the 1970s, based on phycocolloids (agar, carrageenans, and alginates)—used as thickeners in the food industry, in soups, meat preserves, dairy products, and pastries—there is currently a trend of increasing consumption, both in North America and Europe. ,Leonel Pereira [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 45 [Zh] => 1 ) [3] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 564 [Create_Time] => 2023-04-27 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202304/20230426024127.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10104/10104.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10104/10104.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10104/10104_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Green subcritical water extraction of Mentha x rotundifolia leaves collected in different annuities [Abstract] => Aim: In this work, the development for the first time of a green and efficient method to obtain bioactive extracts from Mentha x rotundifolia leaves has been investigated. Methods: The effi [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

In this work, the development for the first time of a green and efficient method to obtain bioactive extracts from Mentha x rotundifolia leaves has been investigated.

Methods:

The efficiency of three techniques [microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), subcritical water extraction (SWE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)] was compared in terms of total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity [1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2’-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthioazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) assays].

Results:

Under similar operating conditions, SWE outperformed MAE and UAE for providing M. rotundifolia extracts with improved antioxidant activity. Further in-depth optimization of the SWE method by means of a Box-Behnken experimental design showed 120°C, 5 min, 0.08 g dry sample: 1 mL water and 2 extraction cycles as optimal experimental parameters to provide the maximum yield of phenolics and the highest bioactivity. The application of the developed SWE method to M. rotundifolia leaves collected in different annuities (2014–2017) showed, in general, no significant differences regarding both composition and antioxidant capacity, as expected from plant samples grown in field under drip irrigation conditions.

Conclusions:

The SWE method here optimized is shown as a sustainable and efficient alternative for providing bioactive M. rotundifolia extracts with application as functional ingredients, natural preservatives, etc. in the food industry, among others.

[Names] => María Jesús García-Sarrió ... María Luz Sanz [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00004 [Published] => April 27, 2023 [Viewed] => 532 [Downloaded] => 23 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00004 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:32–42 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Mentha x rotundifolia , microwave-assisted extraction, subcritical water extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10104 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10104/2c8b4b06f93949595713ea131665ad77.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10104/73898167d0c81fb3a175f017f6e42d06.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => García-Sarrió MJ, Soria AC, Galindo-Iranzo P, Sanz ML. Green subcritical water extraction of Mentha x rotundifolia leaves collected in different annuities. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:32–42. https://doi.org/eff.2023.00004 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-04-26 06:25:01 [Bib_Time] => 2023-04-26 06:25:01 [KeysWordContens] => Green subcritical water extraction of Mentha x rotundifolia leaves collected in different annuities, Mentha x rotundifolia , microwave-assisted extraction, subcritical water extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, Aim: In this work, the development for the first time of a green and efficient method to obtain bioactive extracts from Mentha x rotundifolia leaves has been investigated. Methods: The efficiency of three techniques [microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), subcritical water extraction (SWE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)] was compared in terms of total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity [1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2’-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthioazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) assays]. Results: Under similar operating conditions, SWE outperformed MAE and UAE for providing M. rotundifolia extracts with improved antioxidant activity. Further in-depth optimization of the SWE method by means of a Box-Behnken experimental design showed 120°C, 5 min, 0.08 g dry sample: 1 mL water and 2 extraction cycles as optimal experimental parameters to provide the maximum yield of phenolics and the highest bioactivity. The application of the developed SWE method to M. rotundifolia leaves collected in different annuities (2014–2017) showed, in general, no significant differences regarding both composition and antioxidant capacity, as expected from plant samples grown in field under drip irrigation conditions. Conclusions: The SWE method here optimized is shown as a sustainable and efficient alternative for providing bioactive M. rotundifolia extracts with application as functional ingredients, natural preservatives, etc. in the food industry, among others. ,María Jesús García-Sarrió ... María Luz Sanz [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 55 [Zh] => 1 ) [4] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 578 [Create_Time] => 2023-04-28 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202304/20230427084507.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10105/10105.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10105/10105.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10105/10105_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Monitoring nanomaterials in food: a critical overview, perspectives, and challenges [Abstract] => Nanoscience and nanotechnology have experienced a dizzying development in recent years, which undoubtedly contributes to various fields of human activity such as biotechnology, engineering, medical [AbstractComplete] =>

Nanoscience and nanotechnology have experienced a dizzying development in recent years, which undoubtedly contributes to various fields of human activity such as biotechnology, engineering, medical sciences, food security, etc. This impact has taken place in the food field too, especially in the role played by nanomaterials (NMs) for producing quality nano-based products, food shelf life, and target-specific bioactive delivery, since traditionally the presence of these materials was not at the nano-scale. Anyway, switching these materials to their nano-forms carries benefits as well as risks that must be assessed. Thus, the evaluation of the presence and quantity of these NMs must be achieved based on reliable physic-chemical-analytical information; hence the impact that analytical chemistry should have in the nanoscience to develop validated methodologies for its control. Currently, this fact represents a significant challenge due to the difficulties of measuring entities at the nanoscale in complex samples such as those of food. This review critically explores these analytical challenges, their difficulties, and their trends within the general framework of NMs’ analytical monitoring in food.

[Names] => Natalia Villamayor ... Ángel Ríos [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00005 [Published] => April 27, 2023 [Viewed] => 889 [Downloaded] => 51 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00005 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:43–61 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Nanomaterials, food, characterization, analytical nanometrology, size-based separation techniques, surface enhanced spectroscopies [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10105 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10105/c8c19668568cd3706b4435d4809699ca.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10105/b6141deeb3d746ddcb4f40efb8749275.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Villamayor N, Villaseñor MJ, Ríos Á. Monitoring nanomaterials in food: a critical overview, perspectives, and challenges. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:43–61. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00005 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-04-27 01:21:40 [Bib_Time] => 2023-04-27 01:21:40 [KeysWordContens] => Monitoring nanomaterials in food: a critical overview, perspectives, and challenges, Nanomaterials, food, characterization, analytical nanometrology, size-based separation techniques, surface enhanced spectroscopies, Nanoscience and nanotechnology have experienced a dizzying development in recent years, which undoubtedly contributes to various fields of human activity such as biotechnology, engineering, medical sciences, food security, etc. This impact has taken place in the food field too, especially in the role played by nanomaterials (NMs) for producing quality nano-based products, food shelf life, and target-specific bioactive delivery, since traditionally the presence of these materials was not at the nano-scale. Anyway, switching these materials to their nano-forms carries benefits as well as risks that must be assessed. Thus, the evaluation of the presence and quantity of these NMs must be achieved based on reliable physic-chemical-analytical information; hence the impact that analytical chemistry should have in the nanoscience to develop validated methodologies for its control. Currently, this fact represents a significant challenge due to the difficulties of measuring entities at the nanoscale in complex samples such as those of food. This review critically explores these analytical challenges, their difficulties, and their trends within the general framework of NMs’ analytical monitoring in food. ,Natalia Villamayor ... Ángel Ríos [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 45 [Zh] => 1 ) [5] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 597 [Create_Time] => 2023-06-08 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202306/20230629034711.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10106/10106.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10106/10106.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10106/10106_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Correlation distance of browning characteristic and polyphenol distribution in apple slices from 20 Chinese cultivars [Abstract] => Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the polyphenol composition and distribution in the core, flesh, and peel of 20 apple varieties from China and its relation with browning characteristi [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The aim of this study is to investigate the polyphenol composition and distribution in the core, flesh, and peel of 20 apple varieties from China and its relation with browning characteristics of apple slices in the drying process.

Methods:

In this paper, the prominent phenolic compounds, which was determined by photo diode array-high-performance liquid chromatography (PDA-HPLC), and the chromatic value [coherent infrared energy (CIE) L*, a*, b*] were correlation analysised.

Results:

The results showed that apple core, flesh, and peel were characterized by phloridzin, chlorogenic acid, quercetin, and related derivatives respectively. The 20 apple varieties showed a significant difference (* P < 0.05) in browning variation in the drying process. The browning at the initial stage was mainly L* declined, which was induced by polyphenols enzymatic oxidation. While the browning was characterized by b* and a* value increment at the end of the drying process, where the Maillard reaction was the dominant factor.

Conclusions:

The correlation distance between the main phenolic compounds in apple core, flesh, and peel with the average chromatic L*, a*, and b* values varied at different stages of the drying process.

[Names] => Wenyue Wang ... Jinfeng Bi [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00006 [Published] => June 08, 2023 [Viewed] => 708 [Downloaded] => 33 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00006 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 2 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:62–71 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Apple, polyphenols distribution, drying process, browning, correlation distance [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10106 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10106/36a4d69c55a53b5e305e23b43de08a24.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10106/57cd43e5fa66242c7cd03628f1530a82.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 1 [Cited_Time] => 2024-04-23 [CitethisArticle] => Wang W, Li X, Hu J, Bi J. Correlation distance of browning characteristic and polyphenol distribution in apple slices from 20 Chinese cultivars. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:62–71. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00006 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-05-31 03:07:02 [Bib_Time] => 2023-05-31 03:07:02 [KeysWordContens] => Correlation distance of browning characteristic and polyphenol distribution in apple slices from 20 Chinese cultivars, Apple, polyphenols distribution, drying process, browning, correlation distance, Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the polyphenol composition and distribution in the core, flesh, and peel of 20 apple varieties from China and its relation with browning characteristics of apple slices in the drying process. Methods: In this paper, the prominent phenolic compounds, which was determined by photo diode array-high-performance liquid chromatography (PDA-HPLC), and the chromatic value [coherent infrared energy (CIE) L*, a*, b*] were correlation analysised. Results: The results showed that apple core, flesh, and peel were characterized by phloridzin, chlorogenic acid, quercetin, and related derivatives respectively. The 20 apple varieties showed a significant difference (* P < 0.05) in browning variation in the drying process. The browning at the initial stage was mainly L* declined, which was induced by polyphenols enzymatic oxidation. While the browning was characterized by b* and a* value increment at the end of the drying process, where the Maillard reaction was the dominant factor. Conclusions: The correlation distance between the main phenolic compounds in apple core, flesh, and peel with the average chromatic L*, a*, and b* values varied at different stages of the drying process. ,Wenyue Wang ... Jinfeng Bi [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 57 [Zh] => 1 ) [6] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 644 [Create_Time] => 2023-07-01 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202307/20230704081026.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10107/10107.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10107/10107.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10107/10107_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Untargeted and quantitative analyses of amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu via chemical isotope labeling [Abstract] => Aim: The aim of this study is to comprehensively investigate the distribution of amine and phenol compounds in different flavors of Baijiu. Methods: 12C-/13C-dansyl chloride labeling was [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The aim of this study is to comprehensively investigate the distribution of amine and phenol compounds in different flavors of Baijiu.

Methods:

12C-/13C-dansyl chloride labeling was applied for untargeted and quantitative analyses of amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu.

Results:

A total of 267 amine/phenol compounds were detected, and 30 of them were confirmed by the standards. 4 of 30 confirmed compounds were newly identified in Baijiu, and 16 ones were related with flavor or biological activity. After statistical analysis, 34 amine/phenol compounds were defined as potential markers for indicating sauce flavor, strong flavor, and light flavor Baijiu. 30 compounds in Baijiu were quantified with high precision, high accuracy, and high sensitivity. Results of the untargeted and quantitative analyses indicated that the number and contents of amine and phenol compounds were generally richest in sauce flavor Baijiu, while lowest in light flavor Baijiu.

Conclusions:

The results obtained in the research are beneficial for comprehensively understanding the amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu and further provide the basis for the flavor blending of Baijiu.

[Names] => Xiaoyu Xie ... Guowang Xu [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00007 [Published] => June 30, 2023 [Viewed] => 1432 [Downloaded] => 111 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00007 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 2 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:72–82 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Amine/phenol compounds, Baijiu, chemical isotope labeling, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10107 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10107/9e2ce154d1c675ceebb61ec75c34a1c0.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10107/59b8a6746f20d8ca7c5375e2ca5f7450.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Xie X, Zheng F, Chen T, Liu X, Hu C, Ma M, et al. Untargeted and quantitative analyses of amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu via chemical isotope labeling. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:72–82. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00007 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => XinLu, [CEmail] => luxin722@dicp.ac.cn, [Ris_Time] => 2023-06-30 03:07:46 [Bib_Time] => 2023-06-30 03:07:46 [KeysWordContens] => Untargeted and quantitative analyses of amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu via chemical isotope labeling, Amine/phenol compounds, Baijiu, chemical isotope labeling, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, Aim: The aim of this study is to comprehensively investigate the distribution of amine and phenol compounds in different flavors of Baijiu. Methods: 12C-/13C-dansyl chloride labeling was applied for untargeted and quantitative analyses of amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu. Results: A total of 267 amine/phenol compounds were detected, and 30 of them were confirmed by the standards. 4 of 30 confirmed compounds were newly identified in Baijiu, and 16 ones were related with flavor or biological activity. After statistical analysis, 34 amine/phenol compounds were defined as potential markers for indicating sauce flavor, strong flavor, and light flavor Baijiu. 30 compounds in Baijiu were quantified with high precision, high accuracy, and high sensitivity. Results of the untargeted and quantitative analyses indicated that the number and contents of amine and phenol compounds were generally richest in sauce flavor Baijiu, while lowest in light flavor Baijiu. Conclusions: The results obtained in the research are beneficial for comprehensively understanding the amine and phenol compounds in Baijiu and further provide the basis for the flavor blending of Baijiu. ,Xiaoyu Xie ... Guowang Xu [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 56 [Zh] => 1 ) [7] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 646 [Create_Time] => 2023-07-01 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202306/20230630180525.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10108/10108.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10108/10108.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10108/10108_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Untargeted lipidomics for evaluating fish authenticity: the case of wild-caught and farmed species of Sparus aurata [Abstract] => Aim: This study aims to develop sensitive and reliable analytical technologies to enable the distinction between wild-caught and farmed fish through appropriate molecular markers to protect consu [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This study aims to develop sensitive and reliable analytical technologies to enable the distinction between wild-caught and farmed fish through appropriate molecular markers to protect consumers from fraudulent fish labelling. Gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L. (S. aurata L.), is a very common fish used as foodstuff worldwide and globally produced in aquaculture in the Mediterranean basin. Wild-caught and farmed species are very different in feed and lifestyle and the quality and safety of these products strongly depend on fish growth, processing history, and storage conditions.

Methods:

Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) and Fourier-transform mass spectrometry (FTMS; HILIC-ESI-FTMS) was employed to discriminate the phospholipidome profiles of fillets extracts of wild-caught from farmed gilthead sea breams.

Results:

The untargeted approach led to the annotation of a total of 216 phospholipids (PLs), namely 65 phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs), 27 lyso-PEs (LPEs), 61 phosphatidylcholines (PCs), 34 lyso-PCs (LPCs), and 29 sphingomyelins (SMs). Untargeted lipidomics data were investigated by principal component analysis (PCA) and K-means clustering. Lyso-PLs (LPLs) of PEs and PCs including ether-linked side chains were found as discriminating markers between the two types of fish samples. The PLs that were most responsible for distinguishing between the lipid extracts of farmed and wild S. aurata fillets were successfully characterized by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The analysis revealed that wild fillet lipid extracts contained some PE exhibiting ether bonds (PE P-), viz. 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, and 18:2 and polyunsaturated fatty acyl chains (i.e., 22:6 and 22:5). In farmed species, the estimated abundance ratios of fatty acyl chains 20:4/18:2 and 22:6/20:5 were 0.9 and 0.05, respectively. However, in wild-caught fish, these ratios were found to be two-fold higher and four-fold higher, respectively.

Conclusions:

This work demonstrates that the combination of HILIC-ESI-FTMS and chemometrics can serve as a valuable tool for evaluating fish authenticity and assessing quality concerns by monitoring specific lipid ratios.

[Names] => Sara Granafei ... Tommaso R.I. Cataldi [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00008 [Published] => June 30, 2023 [Viewed] => 817 [Downloaded] => 44 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00008 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 2 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:83–100 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography, tandem mass spectrometry, food, phospholipids, fish, Sparus aurata [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10108 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10108/a7a2f8d40e19e961864bfd4adc56c76e.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10108/5c700ec509404e2d58f3e305d8fa7be0.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Granafei S, Calvano CD, Ventura G, Castellaneta A, Losito I, Cataldi TRI. Untargeted lipidomics for evaluating fish authenticity: the case of wild-caught and farmed species of Sparus aurata. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:83–100. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00008 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-06-30 17:18:22 [Bib_Time] => 2023-06-30 17:18:22 [KeysWordContens] => Untargeted lipidomics for evaluating fish authenticity: the case of wild-caught and farmed species of Sparus aurata, Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography, tandem mass spectrometry, food, phospholipids, fish, Sparus aurata , Aim: This study aims to develop sensitive and reliable analytical technologies to enable the distinction between wild-caught and farmed fish through appropriate molecular markers to protect consumers from fraudulent fish labelling. Gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L. (S. aurata L.), is a very common fish used as foodstuff worldwide and globally produced in aquaculture in the Mediterranean basin. Wild-caught and farmed species are very different in feed and lifestyle and the quality and safety of these products strongly depend on fish growth, processing history, and storage conditions. Methods: Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) and Fourier-transform mass spectrometry (FTMS; HILIC-ESI-FTMS) was employed to discriminate the phospholipidome profiles of fillets extracts of wild-caught from farmed gilthead sea breams. Results: The untargeted approach led to the annotation of a total of 216 phospholipids (PLs), namely 65 phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs), 27 lyso-PEs (LPEs), 61 phosphatidylcholines (PCs), 34 lyso-PCs (LPCs), and 29 sphingomyelins (SMs). Untargeted lipidomics data were investigated by principal component analysis (PCA) and K-means clustering. Lyso-PLs (LPLs) of PEs and PCs including ether-linked side chains were found as discriminating markers between the two types of fish samples. The PLs that were most responsible for distinguishing between the lipid extracts of farmed and wild S. aurata fillets were successfully characterized by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The analysis revealed that wild fillet lipid extracts contained some PE exhibiting ether bonds (PE P-), viz. 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, and 18:2 and polyunsaturated fatty acyl chains (i.e., 22:6 and 22:5). In farmed species, the estimated abundance ratios of fatty acyl chains 20:4/18:2 and 22:6/20:5 were 0.9 and 0.05, respectively. However, in wild-caught fish, these ratios were found to be two-fold higher and four-fold higher, respectively. Conclusions: This work demonstrates that the combination of HILIC-ESI-FTMS and chemometrics can serve as a valuable tool for evaluating fish authenticity and assessing quality concerns by monitoring specific lipid ratios. ,Sara Granafei ... Tommaso R.I. Cataldi [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 21 [Zh] => 1 ) [8] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 699 [Create_Time] => 2023-08-23 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202308/20230823090457.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10109/10109.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10109/10109.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10109/10109_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => 1H NMR-based metabolomics of cacao pod husk: profile comparison of three drying treatments [Abstract] => Aim: The aim of this study is to apply untargeted proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and chemometric analysis to obtain the cacao pod husk (CPH) fingerprint and evaluate the effect of deh [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The aim of this study is to apply untargeted proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and chemometric analysis to obtain the cacao pod husk (CPH) fingerprint and evaluate the effect of dehydration in the CPH metabolome.

Methods:

Phosphate buffer extracts (pH 6.5) were obtained and measured using a one-dimension (1D) 1H NMR spectrometry. The 1D 1H NMR spectra were recorded without spinning and using the presaturation (PRESAT) pulse sequence to suppress the residual H2O signal. The 3-(trimethylsilyl) propionic-2,2,3,3-d4 acid sodium salt (TSP) was used as an internal reference. Analysis of processed data, applying an orthogonal projection on latent structure-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model was used to highlight significant differences between the three dehydration treatments. Signal assignment of CPH metabolites was carried out based on the coupling constant, software simulation prediction, published data comparison, and metabolomics databases.

Results:

A total of 25 compounds were detected by 1H NMR, methylxanthines, sugars, some amino acids, fatty acids, and organic acids were found among the identified compounds. The fingerprint spectra of the three dehydration methods were clustered separately discriminating the metabolome profile of each of the dehydration treatments, finding that metabolome remarkably differed in theanine, myristic acid, fumaric acid, and aspartic acid composition.

Conclusions:

An untargeted metabolomics to obtain the fingerprint of CPH was successfully established. A 1H NMR spectra with a detailed signal assignment aided to identify 25 metabolites present in CPH fresh and dried by different methods. The results complement the information about CPH composition and how it is affected by the temperature used during the dehydration process. The multivariate analysis points out that freeze drying (FD) preserves the metabolites better than microwave drying (MWD) or hot air drying (HAD). FD and MWD are similar in composition maintaining most of the compounds after drying.

[Names] => Demelza Nayelli Villalón-López ... Lourdes Valadez-Carmona [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00009 [Published] => August 23, 2023 [Viewed] => 476 [Downloaded] => 19 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00009 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 3 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:101–114 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Cacao pod husk fingerprint, proton nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics, myristic acid, fumaric acid, theanine [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 10109 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10109/91fe3ce15fe27983c04ef7a6c9f0e268.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A10109/d50536df99ea1a59cbba74fb915a7362.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Villalón-López DN, Hernández-Ortega M, Ortiz-Moreno A, Ceballos G, Zepeda-Vallejo G, Valadez-Carmona L. 1H NMR-based metabolomics of cacao pod husk: profile comparison of three drying treatments. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:101–14. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00009 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-08-23 10:03:49 [Bib_Time] => 2023-08-23 10:03:49 [KeysWordContens] => 1H NMR-based metabolomics of cacao pod husk: profile comparison of three drying treatments, Cacao pod husk fingerprint, proton nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics, myristic acid, fumaric acid, theanine, Aim: The aim of this study is to apply untargeted proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and chemometric analysis to obtain the cacao pod husk (CPH) fingerprint and evaluate the effect of dehydration in the CPH metabolome. Methods: Phosphate buffer extracts (pH 6.5) were obtained and measured using a one-dimension (1D) 1H NMR spectrometry. The 1D 1H NMR spectra were recorded without spinning and using the presaturation (PRESAT) pulse sequence to suppress the residual H2O signal. The 3-(trimethylsilyl) propionic-2,2,3,3-d4 acid sodium salt (TSP) was used as an internal reference. Analysis of processed data, applying an orthogonal projection on latent structure-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model was used to highlight significant differences between the three dehydration treatments. Signal assignment of CPH metabolites was carried out based on the coupling constant, software simulation prediction, published data comparison, and metabolomics databases. Results: A total of 25 compounds were detected by 1H NMR, methylxanthines, sugars, some amino acids, fatty acids, and organic acids were found among the identified compounds. The fingerprint spectra of the three dehydration methods were clustered separately discriminating the metabolome profile of each of the dehydration treatments, finding that metabolome remarkably differed in theanine, myristic acid, fumaric acid, and aspartic acid composition. Conclusions: An untargeted metabolomics to obtain the fingerprint of CPH was successfully established. A 1H NMR spectra with a detailed signal assignment aided to identify 25 metabolites present in CPH fresh and dried by different methods. The results complement the information about CPH composition and how it is affected by the temperature used during the dehydration process. The multivariate analysis points out that freeze drying (FD) preserves the metabolites better than microwave drying (MWD) or hot air drying (HAD). FD and MWD are similar in composition maintaining most of the compounds after drying. ,Demelza Nayelli Villalón-López ... Lourdes Valadez-Carmona [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 45 [Zh] => 1 ) [9] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 719 [Create_Time] => 2023-08-28 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202309/20230901035108.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101010/101010.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101010/101010.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101010/101010_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Isolation, characterization, and encapsulation of a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves [Abstract] => Aim: This study aimed to isolate, characterize, and encapsulate a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves to evaluate its potential use in nutraceuti [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This study aimed to isolate, characterize, and encapsulate a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves to evaluate its potential use in nutraceutical or pharmaceutical applications.

Methods:

The C. uvifera leaf extract was fractionated by column chromatography and the presence of lupeol was assessed by thin layer chromatography, attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Additionally, the lupeol-rich fraction was characterized according to its antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity. Finally, this fraction was encapsulated into electrospun nanofibers made of high degree of polymerization agave fructans (HDPAF) combined with polyethylene oxide (PEO). The obtained nanofibers were characterized in terms of morphology, chemical composition, and in vitro permeability using the Caco-2 cell line.

Results:

Fraction 6 showed a 77% of lupeol, quantified by chromatography, and presented a 7.3% inhibition of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). 100 µg/mL of fraction 6 showed a decrease in Caco-2 cell viability. Finally, fraction 6 was encapsulated into electrospun nanofibers, which showed an increase in the apparent permeability of the lupeol present in fraction 6 in Caco-2 cells in comparison to neat fraction 6.

Conclusions:

It was possible to isolate and encapsulate a lupeol-rich fraction from C. uvifera into electrospun nanofibers, which allows the increasing the apparent permeability of lupeol, and consequently, they could be used for nutraceutical or pharmaceutical applications.

[Names] => Carla N. Cruz-Salas ... Juan A. Ragazzo-Sánchez [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00010 [Published] => August 28, 2023 [Viewed] => 542 [Downloaded] => 22 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00010 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 3 [Topic] => 108 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:115–129 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Coccoloba uvifera leaves, lupeol-rich fraction, cytotoxicity, electrospinning, in vitro Caco-2 permeability [DetailTitle] => Natural Products in Health and Disease [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/108 [Id] => 101010 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101010/bc131a820b3bdea7904c9119a438b3ab.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101010/c5b0958e75d0971b0a33fc75c76b2a89.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Cruz-Salas CN, Evtoski Z, Calderón-Santoyo M, Lagarón JM, Prieto C, Ragazzo-Sánchez JA. Isolation, characterization, and encapsulation of a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:115–29. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00010 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-08-28 05:30:06 [Bib_Time] => 2023-08-28 05:30:06 [KeysWordContens] => Isolation, characterization, and encapsulation of a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves, Coccoloba uvifera leaves, lupeol-rich fraction, cytotoxicity, electrospinning, in vitro Caco-2 permeability, Aim: This study aimed to isolate, characterize, and encapsulate a lupeol-rich fraction obtained from the hexanic extract of Coccoloba uvifera L. leaves to evaluate its potential use in nutraceutical or pharmaceutical applications. Methods: The C. uvifera leaf extract was fractionated by column chromatography and the presence of lupeol was assessed by thin layer chromatography, attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Additionally, the lupeol-rich fraction was characterized according to its antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity. Finally, this fraction was encapsulated into electrospun nanofibers made of high degree of polymerization agave fructans (HDPAF) combined with polyethylene oxide (PEO). The obtained nanofibers were characterized in terms of morphology, chemical composition, and in vitro permeability using the Caco-2 cell line. Results: Fraction 6 showed a 77% of lupeol, quantified by chromatography, and presented a 7.3% inhibition of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). 100 µg/mL of fraction 6 showed a decrease in Caco-2 cell viability. Finally, fraction 6 was encapsulated into electrospun nanofibers, which showed an increase in the apparent permeability of the lupeol present in fraction 6 in Caco-2 cells in comparison to neat fraction 6. Conclusions: It was possible to isolate and encapsulate a lupeol-rich fraction from C. uvifera into electrospun nanofibers, which allows the increasing the apparent permeability of lupeol, and consequently, they could be used for nutraceutical or pharmaceutical applications. ,Carla N. Cruz-Salas ... Juan A. Ragazzo-Sánchez [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 46 [Zh] => 1 ) [10] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 725 [Create_Time] => 2023-08-29 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202309/20230901023209.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101011/101011.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101011/101011.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101011/cover_101011.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem) phenolic extract inhibits human B-lymphoblastoid cells growth via cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction, and DNA damage [Abstract] => Aim: As far as is known, the pharmaceutical effects of neem on human B-lymphoblastoid (TK6) cells have not been studied until now. Hence, the present study aimed to obtain neem phenolic extracts [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

As far as is known, the pharmaceutical effects of neem on human B-lymphoblastoid (TK6) cells have not been studied until now. Hence, the present study aimed to obtain neem phenolic extracts for inhibits the proliferation of TK6 cells and explore some possible underlying mechanisms involved in these effects.

Methods:

Hexane extract (HE) was obtained in the first step. After that, the residual hexane was removed from the neem. The dried neem sample was used in a new extraction for obtaining the ethyl acetate extract (EAE). Total phenolic compounds (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFC) were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) tests were used to evaluate the cytotoxicity in TK6 cells. The stop at G0/G1 cell cycle and inducing apoptosis in the TK6 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. For deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage evaluation, the alkaline comet test was used.

Results:

The higher TFC (65.50 mg/g of extract ± 1.17 mg/g of extract) and TPC (52.08 mg of extract ± 0.88 mg of extract) were obtained in EAE compared to HE that was obtained TFC of 14.61 mg/g of extract ± 0.60 mg/g of extract and TPC of 3.20 mg/g of extract ± 1.20 mg/g of extract. EAE was more significantly cytotoxic to TK6 cells than HE. The apoptosis induction was higher after exposure to 15.0 µg/mL of EAE (11.29%) in comparison to 15.0 µg/mL of HE (2.52%). The G0/G1 phase increased from 72% negative control (NC) to 83% after treatment with neem extracts (15 µg/mL). Neem extracts were also able to cause DNA strand breaks in TK6 cells.

Conclusions:

The extraction residue from neem leaf after hexane extraction is a source important of cytotoxic and genotoxic molecules against TK6 cells, the results also can suggest that the toxic effects in TK6 cells can be provided most likely due to the presence of high content of TPC from neem extracts.

[Names] => Klebson Silva Santos ... Maria Beatriz Pinto Prior Oliveira [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00011 [Published] => August 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 512 [Downloaded] => 28 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00011 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 3 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:130–142 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Medicinal plant, bioactive extracts, sequential pressurized fluids, antiproliferative effect, human B-lymphoblastoid cells [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101011 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101011/7d3304b16da62f1a58c7beb8728be072.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101011/601779b1f74eda547be530b8fdc521b7.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Santos KS, Costa C, Bessa MJ, Teixeira JP, Muniz AVCdS, Padilha FF, Dariva C, Oliveira MBPP. Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem) phenolic extract inhibits human B-lymphoblastoid cells growth via cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction, and DNA damage. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:130–42. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00011 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-08-29 07:31:49 [Bib_Time] => 2023-08-29 07:31:49 [KeysWordContens] => Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem) phenolic extract inhibits human B-lymphoblastoid cells growth via cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction, and DNA damage, Medicinal plant, bioactive extracts, sequential pressurized fluids, antiproliferative effect, human B-lymphoblastoid cells, Aim: As far as is known, the pharmaceutical effects of neem on human B-lymphoblastoid (TK6) cells have not been studied until now. Hence, the present study aimed to obtain neem phenolic extracts for inhibits the proliferation of TK6 cells and explore some possible underlying mechanisms involved in these effects. Methods: Hexane extract (HE) was obtained in the first step. After that, the residual hexane was removed from the neem. The dried neem sample was used in a new extraction for obtaining the ethyl acetate extract (EAE). Total phenolic compounds (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFC) were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) tests were used to evaluate the cytotoxicity in TK6 cells. The stop at G0/G1 cell cycle and inducing apoptosis in the TK6 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. For deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage evaluation, the alkaline comet test was used. Results: The higher TFC (65.50 mg/g of extract ± 1.17 mg/g of extract) and TPC (52.08 mg of extract ± 0.88 mg of extract) were obtained in EAE compared to HE that was obtained TFC of 14.61 mg/g of extract ± 0.60 mg/g of extract and TPC of 3.20 mg/g of extract ± 1.20 mg/g of extract. EAE was more significantly cytotoxic to TK6 cells than HE. The apoptosis induction was higher after exposure to 15.0 µg/mL of EAE (11.29%) in comparison to 15.0 µg/mL of HE (2.52%). The G0/G1 phase increased from 72% negative control (NC) to 83% after treatment with neem extracts (15 µg/mL). Neem extracts were also able to cause DNA strand breaks in TK6 cells. Conclusions: The extraction residue from neem leaf after hexane extraction is a source important of cytotoxic and genotoxic molecules against TK6 cells, the results also can suggest that the toxic effects in TK6 cells can be provided most likely due to the presence of high content of TPC from neem extracts. ,Klebson Silva Santos ... Maria Beatriz Pinto Prior Oliveira [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 80 [Zh] => 1 ) [11] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 761 [Create_Time] => 2023-08-31 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202309/20230906051941.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101013/101013.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101013/101013.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101013/101013_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Investigation the spatial distribution of polyphenols and metabolomic profiling of apple [Abstract] => Aim: In this study, Polyphenol and chemical profiles in core, pulp, and peel of 7 apple varieties [Fuji (FS), Qinguan (QG), Qingping (QP), Jinshuai (JS), Gala (GL), Changmiou (CMO), and Huahong ( [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

In this study, Polyphenol and chemical profiles in core, pulp, and peel of 7 apple varieties [Fuji (FS), Qinguan (QG), Qingping (QP), Jinshuai (JS), Gala (GL), Changmiou (CMO), and Huahong (HH)] were comparatively studied to distinguish the different metabolism biomarkers in the three parts of apple fruit.

Methods:

This study investigated the distribution of 15 polyphenolic compounds using a combination of multivariate analysis and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS).

Results:

chlorogenic acid, catechin, epicatechin, phloretin were the most abundant components. While phloretin was the dominant component in core, chlorogenic acid was the main phenolic compound in pulp, and quercetin was mainly found in apple peel. The multivariate analysis showed that the chemical profile of peel was significantly distinct from that of apple pulp and core, whereas apple pulp and core overlapped with each other. The difference attributed to the compounds that were predicted from ultra-high performance liquid chromatography combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS), which were remarkably different (P < 0.05) and belong to polyphenol.

Conclusions:

It indicates that the potential superior biomarker of polyphenols is to differentiate the products from apple core, pulp, and peel respectively. This research provided an insight on the polyphenolic profile of core, pulp, and peel of apple fruits.

[Names] => Xuan Li ... Jinfeng Bi [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00013 [Published] => August 31, 2023 [Viewed] => 527 [Downloaded] => 27 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00013 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 3 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:162–177 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Apple peel, core, pulp polyphenols, chemical profile, metabolomics [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101013 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101013/c493a46d740c57d518a1bd52e3bf1896.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101013/611df5dbbf4d99e838a5843e7ae93b0a.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Li X, Wang WY, Hu JX, Bi J. Investigation the spatial distribution of polyphenols and metabolomic profiling of apple. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:162–77. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00013 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => JinfengBi, [CEmail] => bjfcaas@126.com, [Ris_Time] => 2023-09-01 02:30:53 [Bib_Time] => 2023-09-01 02:30:53 [KeysWordContens] => Investigation the spatial distribution of polyphenols and metabolomic profiling of apple, Apple peel, core, pulp polyphenols, chemical profile, metabolomics, Aim: In this study, Polyphenol and chemical profiles in core, pulp, and peel of 7 apple varieties [Fuji (FS), Qinguan (QG), Qingping (QP), Jinshuai (JS), Gala (GL), Changmiou (CMO), and Huahong (HH)] were comparatively studied to distinguish the different metabolism biomarkers in the three parts of apple fruit. Methods: This study investigated the distribution of 15 polyphenolic compounds using a combination of multivariate analysis and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Results: chlorogenic acid, catechin, epicatechin, phloretin were the most abundant components. While phloretin was the dominant component in core, chlorogenic acid was the main phenolic compound in pulp, and quercetin was mainly found in apple peel. The multivariate analysis showed that the chemical profile of peel was significantly distinct from that of apple pulp and core, whereas apple pulp and core overlapped with each other. The difference attributed to the compounds that were predicted from ultra-high performance liquid chromatography combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS), which were remarkably different (P < 0.05) and belong to polyphenol. Conclusions: It indicates that the potential superior biomarker of polyphenols is to differentiate the products from apple core, pulp, and peel respectively. This research provided an insight on the polyphenolic profile of core, pulp, and peel of apple fruits. ,Xuan Li ... Jinfeng Bi [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 46 [Zh] => 1 ) [12] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 760 [Create_Time] => 2023-08-30 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202308/20230830023107.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101012/101012.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101012/101012.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101012/101012_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Intelligent point of care test for food safety via a smartphone [Abstract] => The on-site, rapid, and intelligence detection methods are the wave in food safety. Recently, intelligent point-of-care test (iPOCT) methods serve as a promising alternative for advanced monitoring [AbstractComplete] =>

The on-site, rapid, and intelligence detection methods are the wave in food safety. Recently, intelligent point-of-care test (iPOCT) methods serve as a promising alternative for advanced monitoring in food safety. By integrating smartphones with various detection methods, iPOCT methods demonstrate unique merits. Compared with lab-dependent instruments, iPOCT strategies have a short turnaround time (several minutes), high accuracy (μm level or less), and portability (smartphones). This work discussed principles of optical and electrical iPOCT methods, including absorbing light, fluorescence, chemiluminescence, potentiometry, voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, and amperometry. The review emphasizes the practical applications for testing chemical and biological hazards in complex food matrices. The commercialization, challenges, and future trends of iPOCT are discussed as well.

[Names] => Le Zhang ... Zhaowei Zhang [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00012 [Published] => August 30, 2023 [Viewed] => 1091 [Downloaded] => 35 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00012 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 3 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:143–161 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Food safety, hazardous factors, intelligent point-of-care test, commercialization, opportunities [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101012 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101012/ce5594723ec66de46ff4b0301f26100b.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101012/82bfeb0add6b0844899558b547096d47.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 1 [Cited_Time] => 2024-04-23 [CitethisArticle] => Zhang L, Yang X, Liang M, Tian Z, Zhang Z. Intelligent point of care test for food safety via a smartphone. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:143–61. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00012 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-08-29 07:41:28 [Bib_Time] => 2023-08-29 07:41:28 [KeysWordContens] => Intelligent point of care test for food safety via a smartphone, Food safety, hazardous factors, intelligent point-of-care test, commercialization, opportunities, The on-site, rapid, and intelligence detection methods are the wave in food safety. Recently, intelligent point-of-care test (iPOCT) methods serve as a promising alternative for advanced monitoring in food safety. By integrating smartphones with various detection methods, iPOCT methods demonstrate unique merits. Compared with lab-dependent instruments, iPOCT strategies have a short turnaround time (several minutes), high accuracy (μm level or less), and portability (smartphones). This work discussed principles of optical and electrical iPOCT methods, including absorbing light, fluorescence, chemiluminescence, potentiometry, voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, and amperometry. The review emphasizes the practical applications for testing chemical and biological hazards in complex food matrices. The commercialization, challenges, and future trends of iPOCT are discussed as well. ,Le Zhang ... Zhaowei Zhang [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 45 [Zh] => 1 ) [13] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 873 [Create_Time] => 2023-10-29 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202310/20231031055530.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101014/101014.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101014/101014.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101014/101014_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Male obesity secondary hypogonadism: effectiveness of ketogenic diet on testicular function [Abstract] => Epidemiological studies have reported an association between obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS) and male reproductive disorders. Endocrine dysfunctions, direct testicular damage, chronic low-grade in [AbstractComplete] =>

Epidemiological studies have reported an association between obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS) and male reproductive disorders. Endocrine dysfunctions, direct testicular damage, chronic low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance (IR) are involved in the occurrence of male obesity secondary hypogonadism (MOSH) which in turn alters the metabolic imbalance, creating a sort of vicious circle. Since IR and chronic inflammation state play a pivotal role in MOSH, low-calorie and low-carbohydrate diet protocols may be administered in obese men to improve their metabolic and hormonal profile. The ketogenic diet (KD) has been reported to determine positive effects on body weight, IR, cardio-metabolic risk, hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis, and prostate with possible improvement of plasma androgens levels, sexual function (SF), and male fertility. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of KD on testicular function. Emerging evidence reports that very low-calorie KD (VLCKD) may revert MOSH by restoring HPT axis function and testosterone (T) levels. Moreover, VLCKD could improve SF, prostate health and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) in overweight/obese male patients. VLCKD may also positively impact spermatogenesis although evidence is still poor. Future studies are warranted to clarify the effectiveness of KD on testicular and prostate gland function.

[Names] => Giulia Izzo ... Mario Vitale [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00014 [Published] => October 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 519 [Downloaded] => 18 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00014 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 4 [Topic] => 150 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:178–191 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Ketogenic diet, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, testosterone, metabolic hypogonadism, male fertility, obesity [DetailTitle] => Ketogenic Diet as Medical Nutrition Therapy [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/150 [Id] => 101014 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101014/ed7f1589a632a8766394a4d752449b72.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101014/6bb8a1a4d224576e01665a153976a3e6.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Izzo G, Iuliano C, Molettieri P, Vitale M. Male obesity secondary hypogonadism: effectiveness of ketogenic diet on testicular function. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:178–91. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00014 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-10-31 05:55:30 [Bib_Time] => 2023-10-31 05:55:30 [KeysWordContens] => Male obesity secondary hypogonadism: effectiveness of ketogenic diet on testicular function, Ketogenic diet, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, testosterone, metabolic hypogonadism, male fertility, obesity, Epidemiological studies have reported an association between obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS) and male reproductive disorders. Endocrine dysfunctions, direct testicular damage, chronic low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance (IR) are involved in the occurrence of male obesity secondary hypogonadism (MOSH) which in turn alters the metabolic imbalance, creating a sort of vicious circle. Since IR and chronic inflammation state play a pivotal role in MOSH, low-calorie and low-carbohydrate diet protocols may be administered in obese men to improve their metabolic and hormonal profile. The ketogenic diet (KD) has been reported to determine positive effects on body weight, IR, cardio-metabolic risk, hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis, and prostate with possible improvement of plasma androgens levels, sexual function (SF), and male fertility. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of KD on testicular function. Emerging evidence reports that very low-calorie KD (VLCKD) may revert MOSH by restoring HPT axis function and testosterone (T) levels. Moreover, VLCKD could improve SF, prostate health and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) in overweight/obese male patients. VLCKD may also positively impact spermatogenesis although evidence is still poor. Future studies are warranted to clarify the effectiveness of KD on testicular and prostate gland function. ,Giulia Izzo ... Mario Vitale [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 85 [Zh] => 1 ) [14] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 874 [Create_Time] => 2023-10-30 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202310/20231031063314.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101015/101015.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101015/101015.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101015/101015_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Olive oil, fruit and leaves in diabetes mellitus type 2 treatment [Abstract] => The Mediterranean dietary pattern, where extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) takes the central spot, is related to longer life expectancy and lower risk of a number of non-communicable diseases, including [AbstractComplete] =>

The Mediterranean dietary pattern, where extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) takes the central spot, is related to longer life expectancy and lower risk of a number of non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular, diabetes, dementias, and cancer. Positive effect of olive oil on a broad spectrum of diseases, including diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2), is usually attributed to its fatty acid content (e.g., oleic acid). Yet, in the last two decades researchers confirmed that, the phenolic compounds (e.g., oleuropein) also significantly alter on glycaemic regulation. Other unprocessed parts of olive plant (fruit and leaves) showed positive impact on glycaemic variability among individuals living with DMT2. The present review focuses on the available research findings on the effect of olive oil, fruits, and leaves on DMT2 treatment. Specifically, the focus is on polyphenols and fats of olive oil, fruits, and leaves with regard to their antidiabetic biological activities.

[Names] => Mario Nosić ... Ines Banjari [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00015 [Published] => October 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 894 [Downloaded] => 20 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00015 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 4 [Topic] => 108 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:192–205 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Diabetes mellitus type 2, olive oil, olive fruit, olive leaves, fatty acids, polyphenols [DetailTitle] => Natural Products in Health and Disease [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/108 [Id] => 101015 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101015/cc1cc847dedc9f902d48d50f4030119e.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101015/a78f0e640480d9d923b6e8b6a6f55d9b.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 1 [Cited_Time] => 2024-04-23 [CitethisArticle] => Nosić M, Waisundara VY, Banjari I. Olive oil, fruit and leaves in diabetes mellitus type 2 treatment. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:192–205. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00015 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-10-31 06:33:14 [Bib_Time] => 2023-10-31 06:33:14 [KeysWordContens] => Olive oil, fruit and leaves in diabetes mellitus type 2 treatment, Diabetes mellitus type 2, olive oil, olive fruit, olive leaves, fatty acids, polyphenols, The Mediterranean dietary pattern, where extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) takes the central spot, is related to longer life expectancy and lower risk of a number of non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular, diabetes, dementias, and cancer. Positive effect of olive oil on a broad spectrum of diseases, including diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2), is usually attributed to its fatty acid content (e.g., oleic acid). Yet, in the last two decades researchers confirmed that, the phenolic compounds (e.g., oleuropein) also significantly alter on glycaemic regulation. Other unprocessed parts of olive plant (fruit and leaves) showed positive impact on glycaemic variability among individuals living with DMT2. The present review focuses on the available research findings on the effect of olive oil, fruits, and leaves on DMT2 treatment. Specifically, the focus is on polyphenols and fats of olive oil, fruits, and leaves with regard to their antidiabetic biological activities. ,Mario Nosić ... Ines Banjari [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 80 [Zh] => 1 ) [15] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 885 [Create_Time] => 2023-10-30 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202310/20231031080348.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101016/101016.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101016/101016.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101016/101016_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Development of soy whey fortified orange juice beverages: their physicochemical, rheological, antioxidant, and sensory properties [Abstract] => Aim: Soy whey is a byproduct of tofu production and is being discarded after tofu preparation. However, soy whey is a rich source of phytochemicals, minerals, and protein. The present study was c [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

Soy whey is a byproduct of tofu production and is being discarded after tofu preparation. However, soy whey is a rich source of phytochemicals, minerals, and protein. The present study was conducted to utilize soy whey for the development of nutraceutical-rich orange juice beverages.

Methods:

The soy whey and orange juice were produced and beverage samples were developed from them. The samples were evaluated for physicochemical, rheological, antioxidant, and sensory properties to evaluate the optimum percentage of soy whey that can be utilized for beverage development.

Results:

The protein content increased from 0.45% to 1.65% with an increase in soy whey from 0% to 50%. The pH of the beverage samples was in the range of 4.27–4.77 with the total soluble solids (TSSs) of 5.75–6.0 for various beverage samples. The lightness (L*), redness (+a*), and yellowness (+b*) of beverage samples range between 31.57–49.04, 1.21–0.54, and 25.37–39.63 respectively. The vitamin C content of the beverage samples was 56.30 mg/L, 52.75 mg/L, 36.97 mg/L, 26.35 mg/L, and 22.87 mg/L for A, B, C, D, and E beverages respectively. The 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), reducing power ranges of beverage samples range between 91.2–96.23%, 0.521–0.994%, and 0.204–0.859% respectively, and total phenolic content (TPC) ranges between 112 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 mL and 181 mg GAE/100 mL of beverage samples. The beverage samples presented a shear thinning property with a flow index (n) ranging between 0.2371–0.8214. The consistency coefficient of the beverage samples ranges between 0.0405 Pa∙Sn and 0.0041 Pa∙Sn. The control, 20%, and 30% soy whey-containing beverage samples showed higher sensory properties.

Conclusions:

The beverage samples with 0%, 20%, and 30% showed improved DPPH and FRAP percent activity and higher overall acceptability compared to 40% and 50% soy whey-containing beverage samples.

[Names] => Hilal Ahmad Punoo ... Andleeb Muzaffar [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00016 [Published] => October 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 686 [Downloaded] => 48 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00016 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 4 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:206–220 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Orange juice, soy whey, beverage, antioxidant activity, rheology [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101016 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101016/d2eceb36894cb8fa7dc170add275f46d.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101016/0df509d854a50ca282887f6568c76566.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 1 [Cited_Time] => 2024-04-23 [CitethisArticle] => Punoo HA, Rather JA, Muzaffar A. Development of soy whey fortified orange juice beverages: their physicochemical, rheological, antioxidant, and sensory properties. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:206–20. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00016 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-10-31 08:03:48 [Bib_Time] => 2023-10-31 08:03:48 [KeysWordContens] => Development of soy whey fortified orange juice beverages: their physicochemical, rheological, antioxidant, and sensory properties, Orange juice, soy whey, beverage, antioxidant activity, rheology, Aim: Soy whey is a byproduct of tofu production and is being discarded after tofu preparation. However, soy whey is a rich source of phytochemicals, minerals, and protein. The present study was conducted to utilize soy whey for the development of nutraceutical-rich orange juice beverages. Methods: The soy whey and orange juice were produced and beverage samples were developed from them. The samples were evaluated for physicochemical, rheological, antioxidant, and sensory properties to evaluate the optimum percentage of soy whey that can be utilized for beverage development. Results: The protein content increased from 0.45% to 1.65% with an increase in soy whey from 0% to 50%. The pH of the beverage samples was in the range of 4.27–4.77 with the total soluble solids (TSSs) of 5.75–6.0 for various beverage samples. The lightness (L*), redness (+a*), and yellowness (+b*) of beverage samples range between 31.57–49.04, 1.21–0.54, and 25.37–39.63 respectively. The vitamin C content of the beverage samples was 56.30 mg/L, 52.75 mg/L, 36.97 mg/L, 26.35 mg/L, and 22.87 mg/L for A, B, C, D, and E beverages respectively. The 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), reducing power ranges of beverage samples range between 91.2–96.23%, 0.521–0.994%, and 0.204–0.859% respectively, and total phenolic content (TPC) ranges between 112 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 mL and 181 mg GAE/100 mL of beverage samples. The beverage samples presented a shear thinning property with a flow index (n) ranging between 0.2371–0.8214. The consistency coefficient of the beverage samples ranges between 0.0405 Pa∙Sn and 0.0041 Pa∙Sn. The control, 20%, and 30% soy whey-containing beverage samples showed higher sensory properties. Conclusions: The beverage samples with 0%, 20%, and 30% showed improved DPPH and FRAP percent activity and higher overall acceptability compared to 40% and 50% soy whey-containing beverage samples. ,Hilal Ahmad Punoo ... Andleeb Muzaffar [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 80 [Zh] => 1 ) [16] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 923 [Create_Time] => 2023-10-31 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202311/20231101021432.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101017/101017.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101017/101017.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101017/101017_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Exploring green extraction methods to obtain polyphenols from partially defatted chia (Salvia hispanica L.) flour [Abstract] => Aim: The extraction of polyphenols is commonly accomplished using conventional techniques such as solid-liquid and liquid-liquid extraction, which are associated with the use of high quantities o [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The extraction of polyphenols is commonly accomplished using conventional techniques such as solid-liquid and liquid-liquid extraction, which are associated with the use of high quantities of organic solvents, long extraction times, and low selectivity and reproducibility. These limitations have led to the development of innovative extraction technologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of polyphenols from partially defatted chia flour (PDCF).

Methods:

The effect of four factors on the extraction of polyphenols (percentage in relation to the initial weight of PDCF) and on the antioxidant activity [quantified by 2,2’-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods] was investigated and the UAE and MAE processes were optimized using the response surface methodology (RSM).

Results:

It was found that MAE improved the extraction yield (polyphenol content and antioxidant activity) in shorter extraction times when compared to UAE.

Conclusions:

The application of these alternative green technologies improved the performance of the polyphenol extraction process from PDCF. Overall, both techniques could be used as efficient green alternatives.

[Names] => Micaela Antón ... Rafael Borneo [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00017 [Published] => October 31, 2023 [Viewed] => 467 [Downloaded] => 36 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00017 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 4 [Topic] => 133 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:221–234 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Chia flour, ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity, response surface methodology [DetailTitle] => The food (r)evolution towards food quality/security and human nutrition [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/133 [Id] => 101017 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101017/84c29488d8c7406338cf19da0eee95f8.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101017/9892c483002818967549f96f47b32b23.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Antón M, Aranibar C, Dusso D, Moyano L, Aguirre A, Borneo R. Exploring green extraction methods to obtain polyphenols from partially defatted chia (Salvia hispanica L.) flour. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:221–34. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00017 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-11-01 02:14:32 [Bib_Time] => 2023-11-01 02:14:32 [KeysWordContens] => Exploring green extraction methods to obtain polyphenols from partially defatted chia (Salvia hispanica L.) flour, Chia flour, ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity, response surface methodology, Aim: The extraction of polyphenols is commonly accomplished using conventional techniques such as solid-liquid and liquid-liquid extraction, which are associated with the use of high quantities of organic solvents, long extraction times, and low selectivity and reproducibility. These limitations have led to the development of innovative extraction technologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of polyphenols from partially defatted chia flour (PDCF). Methods: The effect of four factors on the extraction of polyphenols (percentage in relation to the initial weight of PDCF) and on the antioxidant activity [quantified by 2,2’-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods] was investigated and the UAE and MAE processes were optimized using the response surface methodology (RSM). Results: It was found that MAE improved the extraction yield (polyphenol content and antioxidant activity) in shorter extraction times when compared to UAE. Conclusions: The application of these alternative green technologies improved the performance of the polyphenol extraction process from PDCF. Overall, both techniques could be used as efficient green alternatives. ,Micaela Antón ... Rafael Borneo [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 80 [Zh] => 1 ) [17] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 926 [Create_Time] => 2023-11-01 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202311/20231101021833.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101018/101018.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101018/101018.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101018/101018_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Broccoli by-product extract as a functional ingredient: food application [Abstract] => Aim: Food production demand has been promoting an increase in the generation of agro-industrial waste. Food industry waste can contain compounds with added value that, if properly extracted and u [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

Food production demand has been promoting an increase in the generation of agro-industrial waste. Food industry waste can contain compounds with added value that, if properly extracted and used, can be applied to the development of healthy foods (clean label), nutraceuticals, senior food, cosmetics, etc. The revaluation of by-products from the broccoli industry will make it possible to reduce the large volume of broccoli waste, reducing the cost of waste management and obtaining compounds of interest from them. The aim of this work is the extraction of compounds of interest by means of environmentally sustainable technologies and to characterize the freeze-dried broccoli extracts obtained in each green technology in terms of their characteristic compounds of interest and the study of antimicrobial and antioxidant capacity.

Methods:

The methods of extraction of compounds of interest from broccoli used in this research are environmentally sustainable technologies, using water as the extraction solvent, including aqueous extraction (AE), enzymatic extraction (EE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE). After extraction, the freeze-dried broccoli extracts obtained were characterized and the antimicrobial capacity was studied with Listeria and Salmonella strains and the antioxidant capacity was studied with Saccharomyces strains, thus determining which of the techniques is most effective for obtaining a freeze-dried broccoli extract with a high concentration of bioactive compounds.

Results:

As a result of the research, different products have been obtained from broccoli waste by means of three green extraction techniques, obtaining products with a high concentration of bioactive compounds with antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity against strains such as Listeria and Salmonella.

Conclusions:

The waste generated in the broccoli industry has been revalued to obtain high added value products using environmentally sustainable techniques. Due to their high concentration of bioactive compounds, these products are effective as functional products due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity.

[Names] => David Q. Martínez ... Presentación García [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00018 [Published] => October 31, 2023 [Viewed] => 791 [Downloaded] => 44 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00018 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 4 [Topic] => 108 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:235–243 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Green techniques, broccoli by-product, extraction, broccoli extract, ultrasound-assisted extraction, enzymatic extraction, phenolic compounds recovery [DetailTitle] => Natural Products in Health and Disease [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/108 [Id] => 101018 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101018/ab01f0c6d232e49893027efbc7e6436f.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101018/84022e772312d4ef79a04a4dcaed041f.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Martínez DQ, Lorca F, Fernández MD, García P. Broccoli by-product extract as a functional ingredient: food application. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:235–43. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00018 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-11-01 02:18:33 [Bib_Time] => 2023-11-01 02:18:33 [KeysWordContens] => Broccoli by-product extract as a functional ingredient: food application, Green techniques, broccoli by-product, extraction, broccoli extract, ultrasound-assisted extraction, enzymatic extraction, phenolic compounds recovery, Aim: Food production demand has been promoting an increase in the generation of agro-industrial waste. Food industry waste can contain compounds with added value that, if properly extracted and used, can be applied to the development of healthy foods (clean label), nutraceuticals, senior food, cosmetics, etc. The revaluation of by-products from the broccoli industry will make it possible to reduce the large volume of broccoli waste, reducing the cost of waste management and obtaining compounds of interest from them. The aim of this work is the extraction of compounds of interest by means of environmentally sustainable technologies and to characterize the freeze-dried broccoli extracts obtained in each green technology in terms of their characteristic compounds of interest and the study of antimicrobial and antioxidant capacity. Methods: The methods of extraction of compounds of interest from broccoli used in this research are environmentally sustainable technologies, using water as the extraction solvent, including aqueous extraction (AE), enzymatic extraction (EE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE). After extraction, the freeze-dried broccoli extracts obtained were characterized and the antimicrobial capacity was studied with Listeria and Salmonella strains and the antioxidant capacity was studied with Saccharomyces strains, thus determining which of the techniques is most effective for obtaining a freeze-dried broccoli extract with a high concentration of bioactive compounds. Results: As a result of the research, different products have been obtained from broccoli waste by means of three green extraction techniques, obtaining products with a high concentration of bioactive compounds with antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity against strains such as Listeria and Salmonella. Conclusions: The waste generated in the broccoli industry has been revalued to obtain high added value products using environmentally sustainable techniques. Due to their high concentration of bioactive compounds, these products are effective as functional products due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity. ,David Q. Martínez ... Presentación García [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 46 [Zh] => 1 ) [18] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1046 [Create_Time] => 2023-12-28 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202312/20231229055644.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101019/101019.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101019/101019.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101019/101019_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Evaluation of the most common parameters used to describe cardiovascular risk and the influence of ketogenic and Mediterranean diet [Abstract] => Cardiovascular disease (CVD) stands as the leading global cause of mortality, underscoring the critical need for practical tools to assess CVD risk at an early stage. An accessible approach involves [AbstractComplete] =>

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) stands as the leading global cause of mortality, underscoring the critical need for practical tools to assess CVD risk at an early stage. An accessible approach involves the evaluation of bloodwork alongside simple anthropometric measurements. This narrative review seeks to establish the appropriateness of common parameters used in the outpatient setting in assessing the risk of developing CVD. These parameters encompass bloodwork values employed to characterize insulin resistance (IR) and dyslipidemia, as well as anthropometric measurements used to describe issues related to overweight and fat distribution. A particular emphasis is placed on understanding how Mediterranean and ketogenic diets influence these parameters. In the realm of bloodwork, findings indicate that the triglycerides (TG) to high-density lipoproteins (HDL) ratio serves as a valuable tool for assessing both IR and dyslipidemia. Less emphasis should be placed on total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) because the existing literature lacks consistency and fails to establish a clear, direct correlation between cholesterol levels, CVD, and mortality. On the other hand, numerous studies consistently demonstrate a direct correlation between CVD, mortality, and the levels of small-dense LDL (sdLDL), which represent the oxidized form of LDL. Regarding anthropometric parameters, the body mass index (BMI) falls short in value as it neglects to consider fat distribution and lean mass. More informative are anthropometric parameters that account for a single measure of fat mass and another for lean mass, such as the waist-height ratio (WHtR) or the waist-hip ratio (WHR). Both Mediterranean and ketogenic diets demonstrate improvements across major parameters used to evaluate CVD and mortality risk. The ketogenic diet, in particular, yields superior results in most aspects, except cholesterol levels. Further studies are recommended to refine dyslipidemia characterization and its connection to health outcomes.

[Names] => Leo Karl Hanke ... Paola Molettieri [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00019 [Published] => December 28, 2023 [Viewed] => 640 [Downloaded] => 24 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00019 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 5 [Topic] => 150 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:244–257 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Cardiovascular disease, mortality, dyslipidemia, cholesterol, triglycerides, body mass index, ketogenic diet, Mediterranean diet [DetailTitle] => Ketogenic Diet as Medical Nutrition Therapy [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/150 [Id] => 101019 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101019/7680c3066a7bbc44934347ef12bb8c6e.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101019/8589fabd9c544c046c9da382618deffa.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Hanke LK, Poggiante F, Molettieri P. Evaluation of the most common parameters used to describe cardiovascular risk and the influence of ketogenic and Mediterranean diet. Explor Food Foodomics. 2023;1:244–57. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00019 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-12-26 05:11:21 [Bib_Time] => 2023-12-26 06:40:47 [KeysWordContens] => Evaluation of the most common parameters used to describe cardiovascular risk and the influence of ketogenic and Mediterranean diet, Cardiovascular disease, mortality, dyslipidemia, cholesterol, triglycerides, body mass index, ketogenic diet, Mediterranean diet, Cardiovascular disease (CVD) stands as the leading global cause of mortality, underscoring the critical need for practical tools to assess CVD risk at an early stage. An accessible approach involves the evaluation of bloodwork alongside simple anthropometric measurements. This narrative review seeks to establish the appropriateness of common parameters used in the outpatient setting in assessing the risk of developing CVD. These parameters encompass bloodwork values employed to characterize insulin resistance (IR) and dyslipidemia, as well as anthropometric measurements used to describe issues related to overweight and fat distribution. A particular emphasis is placed on understanding how Mediterranean and ketogenic diets influence these parameters. In the realm of bloodwork, findings indicate that the triglycerides (TG) to high-density lipoproteins (HDL) ratio serves as a valuable tool for assessing both IR and dyslipidemia. Less emphasis should be placed on total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) because the existing literature lacks consistency and fails to establish a clear, direct correlation between cholesterol levels, CVD, and mortality. On the other hand, numerous studies consistently demonstrate a direct correlation between CVD, mortality, and the levels of small-dense LDL (sdLDL), which represent the oxidized form of LDL. Regarding anthropometric parameters, the body mass index (BMI) falls short in value as it neglects to consider fat distribution and lean mass. More informative are anthropometric parameters that account for a single measure of fat mass and another for lean mass, such as the waist-height ratio (WHtR) or the waist-hip ratio (WHR). Both Mediterranean and ketogenic diets demonstrate improvements across major parameters used to evaluate CVD and mortality risk. The ketogenic diet, in particular, yields superior results in most aspects, except cholesterol levels. Further studies are recommended to refine dyslipidemia characterization and its connection to health outcomes. ,Leo Karl Hanke ... Paola Molettieri [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 88 [Zh] => 1 ) [19] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1051 [Create_Time] => 2023-12-29 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202312/20231229065301.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101020/101020.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101020/101020.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101020/101020_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Determination of neonicotinoid pesticides nitenpyram and dinotefuran by electroanalytical methods [Abstract] => Nitenpyram (NIT) and dinotefuran (DNF) are neonicotinoid pesticides commonly used in the production and storage of agricultural products, as well as in forests and gardens, for the purpose of protec [AbstractComplete] =>

Nitenpyram (NIT) and dinotefuran (DNF) are neonicotinoid pesticides commonly used in the production and storage of agricultural products, as well as in forests and gardens, for the purpose of protection from insect pests. Although they are safer for mammals, their toxic effects on pollinators, such as bees, and their long-term accumulation in water and soil, are important problems. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that their usage remains within certain specific limits and that their residues are quickly, precisely, and reliably monitored in various samples. In this review, electrochemical methods, which are voltammetry, amperometry, and potentiometry, for the determination of NIT and DNF in pure solutions, agricultural, and environmental samples by using various modified electrodes were reviewed. The results obtained from studies published since 2011 were compared, and the effectiveness of the selected methods was demonstrated. It was observed that the electrochemical methods, particularly voltammetry, used in the studies conducted for NIT and DNF yielded selective and sensitive results at detection limits at nmol L–1 levels. These methods also exhibited high precision and accuracy without being affected by the matrix of the studied samples, such as soil, water, or agricultural products.

[Names] => Dilek Kul [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00020 [Published] => December 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 428 [Downloaded] => 12 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00020 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 5 [Topic] => 158 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:258–271 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Electrochemical determination, dinotefuran, insecticide, nitenpyram, neonicotinoid, pesticide [DetailTitle] => New Generation Analytical Technologies in Food Analysis [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/158 [Id] => 101020 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101020/d3fbe4972bc5bfae60a0371e4582d120.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101020/8b9e7991cf704e8311b4b265adfa94ee.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Kul D. Determination of neonicotinoid pesticides nitenpyram and dinotefuran by electroanalytical methods. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:258–71. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00020 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-12-27 01:59:41 [Bib_Time] => 2023-12-27 01:59:41 [KeysWordContens] => Determination of neonicotinoid pesticides nitenpyram and dinotefuran by electroanalytical methods, Electrochemical determination, dinotefuran, insecticide, nitenpyram, neonicotinoid, pesticide, Nitenpyram (NIT) and dinotefuran (DNF) are neonicotinoid pesticides commonly used in the production and storage of agricultural products, as well as in forests and gardens, for the purpose of protection from insect pests. Although they are safer for mammals, their toxic effects on pollinators, such as bees, and their long-term accumulation in water and soil, are important problems. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that their usage remains within certain specific limits and that their residues are quickly, precisely, and reliably monitored in various samples. In this review, electrochemical methods, which are voltammetry, amperometry, and potentiometry, for the determination of NIT and DNF in pure solutions, agricultural, and environmental samples by using various modified electrodes were reviewed. The results obtained from studies published since 2011 were compared, and the effectiveness of the selected methods was demonstrated. It was observed that the electrochemical methods, particularly voltammetry, used in the studies conducted for NIT and DNF yielded selective and sensitive results at detection limits at nmol L–1 levels. These methods also exhibited high precision and accuracy without being affected by the matrix of the studied samples, such as soil, water, or agricultural products. ,Dilek Kul [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 87 [Zh] => 1 ) [20] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1067 [Create_Time] => 2023-12-29 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202401/20240102005821.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101022/101022.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101022/101022.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101022/101022_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Effect of chronic apple consumption (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the lipid profile of adults with dyslipidemia: a systematic review [Abstract] => Aim: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) are among the main causes of death worldwide and dyslipidemias account for one of the risk factors for these diseases. Habitual apple consumption appears to be i [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) are among the main causes of death worldwide and dyslipidemias account for one of the risk factors for these diseases. Habitual apple consumption appears to be inversely associated with reduced cardiovascular risk. Then, this systematic review aims to investigate the effect of chronic apple consumption on the lipid profile of adults with dyslipidemia.

Methods:

A systematic search was performed in electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus, without restriction of year of publication. Inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trials in humans that investigated the effect of chronic consumption of whole fresh or dried apple, for a period longer than two weeks of intervention on the lipid profile.

Results:

Based on the methodology used and following the pre-established search strategies, 4,468 articles were found. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, five articles were selected for qualitative evaluation, covering 522 adult participants of both sexes. Three randomized controlled trials included in this review demonstrated that there was a decrease in plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) concentrations, in addition to an increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) concentration. Two other studies found different results. Low risk of bias was identified in three studies.

Conclusions:

The analysis of the studies indicates that the consumption of fresh and/or dried apples with the peel has a beneficial effect on the lipid profile of adults, with a decrease in TC and LDL-c. These effects may be related to polyphenols and soluble fibers, among other functional compounds present in this fruit.

[Names] => Luciana Melo de Farias ... Maria do Carmo de Carvalho e Martins [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00022 [Published] => December 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 547 [Downloaded] => 39 [Subject] => Systematic Review [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00022 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 5 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:288–299 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Apple, cholesterol, polyphenols, lipid profile, dyslipidemia [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101022 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101022/c8c0881b094ba3962313745afda81123.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101022/31ef51ffbfc57074e774ffb6d6ced77e.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => de Farias LM, da Silva LAA, de Azevedo MAF, Monteiro NVdN, Primo MGS, Mendes VR, Macedo JL, Lucarini M, Durazzo A, Arcanjo DDR, e Martins MdCdc. Effect of chronic apple consumption (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the lipid profile of adults with dyslipidemia: a systematic review. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:288–99. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00022 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => Daniel Dias RufinoArcanjo,Maria do Carmo de Carvalhoe Martins, [CEmail] => daniel.arcanjo@ufpi.edu.br,carminhamartins@ufpi.edu.br, [Ris_Time] => 2023-12-29 01:22:05 [Bib_Time] => 2023-12-29 01:22:05 [KeysWordContens] => Effect of chronic apple consumption (Malus domestica Borkh.) on the lipid profile of adults with dyslipidemia: a systematic review, Apple, cholesterol, polyphenols, lipid profile, dyslipidemia, Aim: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) are among the main causes of death worldwide and dyslipidemias account for one of the risk factors for these diseases. Habitual apple consumption appears to be inversely associated with reduced cardiovascular risk. Then, this systematic review aims to investigate the effect of chronic apple consumption on the lipid profile of adults with dyslipidemia. Methods: A systematic search was performed in electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus, without restriction of year of publication. Inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trials in humans that investigated the effect of chronic consumption of whole fresh or dried apple, for a period longer than two weeks of intervention on the lipid profile. Results: Based on the methodology used and following the pre-established search strategies, 4,468 articles were found. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, five articles were selected for qualitative evaluation, covering 522 adult participants of both sexes. Three randomized controlled trials included in this review demonstrated that there was a decrease in plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) concentrations, in addition to an increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) concentration. Two other studies found different results. Low risk of bias was identified in three studies. Conclusions: The analysis of the studies indicates that the consumption of fresh and/or dried apples with the peel has a beneficial effect on the lipid profile of adults, with a decrease in TC and LDL-c. These effects may be related to polyphenols and soluble fibers, among other functional compounds present in this fruit. ,Luciana Melo de Farias ... Maria do Carmo de Carvalho e Martins [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 88 [Zh] => 1 ) [21] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1065 [Create_Time] => 2023-12-29 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202312/20231229125316.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101021/101021.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101021/101021.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101021/101021_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Application of fuzzy logic techniques for sensory evaluation of plant-based extrudates fortified with bioactive compounds [Abstract] => Aim: This study aims to evaluate the sensory profile of corn-based extrudates fortified with phytosterol and pea protein isolates (PPI) using the fuzzy logic technique to assess similarity values [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This study aims to evaluate the sensory profile of corn-based extrudates fortified with phytosterol and pea protein isolates (PPI) using the fuzzy logic technique to assess similarity values and rank the quality attributes.

Methods:

Using a mix of yellow PPI (ranging from 0 to 20%) and corn flour (ranging from 80% to 100%), extrudates were developed, ensuring a consistent addition of phytosterol-containing oil at 5%. For this experiment, the Box-Behnken (BB) design was used, comprising 17 runs, factoring in parameters like the percentage of PPI (0–20%), screw speed (300–500 rpm), and temperature (130°–150°C). The optimal conditions were found to be 2.78% PPI, a screw speed of 451 rpm, and a temperature of 150°C, resulting in a desirability value of 0.725. For sensory evaluation, the fuzzy logic technique was used to compare the functional extrudates (S1) with commercial variants (S2, S3, and S4). This helped to gauge acceptance/rejection, similarity values, rankings, and overall consumer acceptability of the extrudates.

Results:

Commercial sample S4 achieved the highest ranking on the sensory scale as “very good”. When considering the quality attributes of extrudates, taste and mouthfeel were the most favored, followed by color and flavor. This study underscored the value of using fuzzy logic for sensory evaluation in determining the acceptance of new food products. It also proved effective in assessing food products’ quality attributes, especially after evaluating the phytosterol content post-extrusion.

Conclusions:

The fuzzy logic technique in sensory evaluation has effectively identified the optimal extrudates and their quality attributes during the development of new functional food.

[Names] => Mekala Pavani ... Sushil Kumar Singh [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2023.00021 [Published] => December 29, 2023 [Viewed] => 518 [Downloaded] => 26 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2023 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2023.00021 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 5 [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2023;1:272–287 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Fuzzy logic, functional extrudates, phytosterols, pea protein isolate [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101021 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101021/15bc7515fc3584fe38cba5901776a26d.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101021/e6fb750fcca5bceb616c26fb475acad9.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Pavani M, Singha P, Rajamanickam DT, Singh SK. Application of fuzzy logic techniques for sensory evaluation of plant-based extrudates fortified with bioactive compounds. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2023;1:272–87. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2023.00021 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2023-12-28 07:40:14 [Bib_Time] => 2023-12-29 01:05:45 [KeysWordContens] => Application of fuzzy logic techniques for sensory evaluation of plant-based extrudates fortified with bioactive compounds, Fuzzy logic, functional extrudates, phytosterols, pea protein isolate, Aim: This study aims to evaluate the sensory profile of corn-based extrudates fortified with phytosterol and pea protein isolates (PPI) using the fuzzy logic technique to assess similarity values and rank the quality attributes. Methods: Using a mix of yellow PPI (ranging from 0 to 20%) and corn flour (ranging from 80% to 100%), extrudates were developed, ensuring a consistent addition of phytosterol-containing oil at 5%. For this experiment, the Box-Behnken (BB) design was used, comprising 17 runs, factoring in parameters like the percentage of PPI (0–20%), screw speed (300–500 rpm), and temperature (130°–150°C). The optimal conditions were found to be 2.78% PPI, a screw speed of 451 rpm, and a temperature of 150°C, resulting in a desirability value of 0.725. For sensory evaluation, the fuzzy logic technique was used to compare the functional extrudates (S1) with commercial variants (S2, S3, and S4). This helped to gauge acceptance/rejection, similarity values, rankings, and overall consumer acceptability of the extrudates. Results: Commercial sample S4 achieved the highest ranking on the sensory scale as “very good”. When considering the quality attributes of extrudates, taste and mouthfeel were the most favored, followed by color and flavor. This study underscored the value of using fuzzy logic for sensory evaluation in determining the acceptance of new food products. It also proved effective in assessing food products’ quality attributes, especially after evaluating the phytosterol content post-extrusion. Conclusions: The fuzzy logic technique in sensory evaluation has effectively identified the optimal extrudates and their quality attributes during the development of new functional food. ,Mekala Pavani ... Sushil Kumar Singh [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 46 [Zh] => 1 ) [22] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1084 [Create_Time] => 2024-01-23 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202402/20240227062429.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101023/101023.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101023/101023.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101023/101023_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Assessment of the health benefits of phytochemicals in Cynometra cauliflora based on an in silico study against Alzheimer’s disease [Abstract] => Aim: Cynometra cauliflora (namnam) belongs to the family Fabaceae and is native to eastern Peninsular Malaysia. It grows well with an annual rainfall of 1,500–2,000 mm. Even though a consider [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

Cynometra cauliflora (namnam) belongs to the family Fabaceae and is native to eastern Peninsular Malaysia. It grows well with an annual rainfall of 1,500–2,000 mm. Even though a considerable amount of research has been carried out with C. caulifora, there is a dearth of information about biomolecules that may pave the way for drug discoveries and food supplements, which is a gap addressed in this study.

Methods:

The study presented in this paper has identified several antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory substances, and an in silico approach was used to understand the behaviors of kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside (K-3-Rh) and β-sitosterol acetate against Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed with the selected protein ligand complex of two natural molecules and the synthetic ligand to analyze the dynamic behaviors and binding free energy throughout the 100 ns simulation time. Further, both natural molecules that were investigated comply with Lipinski’s drug-likeness rules.

Results:

The docking scores of both K-3-Rh and sitosterol were found to be compatible with the synthetic AD drug molecules [donepezil analogue (H0L)] used as a reference in the study. Hence, the phytochemicals of Cynometra caulifora showed comparatively similar potency against acetylcholinesterase (AChE).

Conclusions:

Overall, the potential binding affinity from molecular docking and static thermodynamics features from MD simulation suggest that K-3-Rh and β-sitosterol acetate could be considered as a potential therapeutic lead to inhibit AChE leading for AD treatment.

[Names] => Jagath Illangasinghe ... Viduranga Yashasvi Waisundara [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00023 [Published] => January 23, 2024 [Viewed] => 605 [Downloaded] => 33 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00023 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 108 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:1–29 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Flavonoids, Fabaceae, acetylcholinesterase, microorganisms, drug, biomolecules, molecular docking, molecular dynamics [DetailTitle] => Natural Products in Health and Disease [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/108 [Id] => 101023 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101023/7e12ebb49142fe491b8d65a1e80ef3d7.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101023/e1e0577a049742d565b7733094c3804d.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Illangasinghe J, de Zoysa HKS, Yapa N, Bamunuarachchige TC, Waisundara VY. Assessment of the health benefits of phytochemicals in Cynometra cauliflora based on an in silico study against Alzheimer’s disease. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:1–29. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00023 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-01-22 08:30:29 [Bib_Time] => 2024-01-22 08:30:29 [KeysWordContens] => Assessment of the health benefits of phytochemicals in Cynometra cauliflora based on an in silico study against Alzheimer’s disease, Flavonoids, Fabaceae, acetylcholinesterase, microorganisms, drug, biomolecules, molecular docking, molecular dynamics, Aim: Cynometra cauliflora (namnam) belongs to the family Fabaceae and is native to eastern Peninsular Malaysia. It grows well with an annual rainfall of 1,500–2,000 mm. Even though a considerable amount of research has been carried out with C. caulifora, there is a dearth of information about biomolecules that may pave the way for drug discoveries and food supplements, which is a gap addressed in this study. Methods: The study presented in this paper has identified several antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory substances, and an in silico approach was used to understand the behaviors of kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside (K-3-Rh) and β-sitosterol acetate against Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed with the selected protein ligand complex of two natural molecules and the synthetic ligand to analyze the dynamic behaviors and binding free energy throughout the 100 ns simulation time. Further, both natural molecules that were investigated comply with Lipinski’s drug-likeness rules. Results: The docking scores of both K-3-Rh and sitosterol were found to be compatible with the synthetic AD drug molecules [donepezil analogue (H0L)] used as a reference in the study. Hence, the phytochemicals of Cynometra caulifora showed comparatively similar potency against acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Conclusions: Overall, the potential binding affinity from molecular docking and static thermodynamics features from MD simulation suggest that K-3-Rh and β-sitosterol acetate could be considered as a potential therapeutic lead to inhibit AChE leading for AD treatment. ,Jagath Illangasinghe ... Viduranga Yashasvi Waisundara [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 80 [Zh] => 1 ) [23] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1124 [Create_Time] => 2024-02-23 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202402/20240228062703.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101024/101024.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101024/101024.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101024/101024_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Leguminous fractions as encapsulating agents of fat-soluble vitamins [Abstract] => Vitamins are essential micronutrients for the functioning of the human body. Vitamins can be classified as water-soluble and fat-soluble, and are obtained through diet or supplementation. Fat-solubl [AbstractComplete] =>

Vitamins are essential micronutrients for the functioning of the human body. Vitamins can be classified as water-soluble and fat-soluble, and are obtained through diet or supplementation. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. These compounds are very sensitive to external factors, including light, oxygen, pH, and temperature. Lack of compound stability, poor solubility, and low permeability can compromise the bioavailability and usefulness of fat-soluble vitamins. The methodology of encapsulation of vitamins is currently being widely studied in order to improve their transportation and usage. Proteins (including protein isolates and concentrates) and carbohydrates derived from legumes are very interesting materials to coat compounds, considering their functional properties, and the fact that they are beneficial for the environment and human health. This review describes in detail the current knowledge about the use of legume protein and carbohydrates as materials for the encapsulation of fat-soluble vitamins. The functionality, health, and environmental advantages of legume fractions (particularly soy and pea fractions) as wall materials are also discussed. Future use of legume wastewater (soaking and cooking water derived from the treatment of legumes) as wall materials is evaluated as well. The study of encapsulation of fat-soluble vitamins by leguminous fractions is mainly focused on soy and pea protein isolates and concentrates and can still be expanded, considering the numerous benefits of encapsulation they provide. Research on encapsulation using legume carbohydrates is scarce and may be interesting due to their high encapsulation efficiency and easy digestibility. Saponins, proteins, and carbohydrates present in legume wastewaters could offer useful properties to encapsulation processes, while benefiting the environment.

[Names] => Angela Daniela Carboni ... María Cecilia Puppo [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00024 [Published] => February 23, 2024 [Viewed] => 548 [Downloaded] => 26 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00024 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 219 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:30–42 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Legume protein, fat-soluble vitamins, protein isolates, legume wastewaters, compound stability, soy, wall materials, environment [DetailTitle] => Delivery of Hydrophobic Compounds in Food Systems [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/219 [Id] => 101024 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101024/e7b6a34142d2ddc6ed1ee92c06ed8002.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101024/35e1c366caeed5cf0760366ca8caf9d0.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Carboni AD, Perez JN, Puppo MC. Leguminous fractions as encapsulating agents of fat-soluble vitamins. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:30–42.
https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00024 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-02-28 06:27:03 [Bib_Time] => 2024-02-28 06:27:03 [KeysWordContens] => Leguminous fractions as encapsulating agents of fat-soluble vitamins, Legume protein, fat-soluble vitamins, protein isolates, legume wastewaters, compound stability, soy, wall materials, environment, Vitamins are essential micronutrients for the functioning of the human body. Vitamins can be classified as water-soluble and fat-soluble, and are obtained through diet or supplementation. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. These compounds are very sensitive to external factors, including light, oxygen, pH, and temperature. Lack of compound stability, poor solubility, and low permeability can compromise the bioavailability and usefulness of fat-soluble vitamins. The methodology of encapsulation of vitamins is currently being widely studied in order to improve their transportation and usage. Proteins (including protein isolates and concentrates) and carbohydrates derived from legumes are very interesting materials to coat compounds, considering their functional properties, and the fact that they are beneficial for the environment and human health. This review describes in detail the current knowledge about the use of legume protein and carbohydrates as materials for the encapsulation of fat-soluble vitamins. The functionality, health, and environmental advantages of legume fractions (particularly soy and pea fractions) as wall materials are also discussed. Future use of legume wastewater (soaking and cooking water derived from the treatment of legumes) as wall materials is evaluated as well. The study of encapsulation of fat-soluble vitamins by leguminous fractions is mainly focused on soy and pea protein isolates and concentrates and can still be expanded, considering the numerous benefits of encapsulation they provide. Research on encapsulation using legume carbohydrates is scarce and may be interesting due to their high encapsulation efficiency and easy digestibility. Saponins, proteins, and carbohydrates present in legume wastewaters could offer useful properties to encapsulation processes, while benefiting the environment. ,Angela Daniela Carboni ... María Cecilia Puppo [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 77 [Zh] => 1 ) [24] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1128 [Create_Time] => 2024-02-27 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202402/20240227013115.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101025/101025.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101025/101025.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101025/101025_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Increasing of craft beer shelf life, with and without alcohol, through immersion batch pasteurization [Abstract] => Aim: This study delves into the pasteurization process for craft beer, exploring its impact on containers and closures. Focusing on small breweries, it have been assess various treatments and fin [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This study delves into the pasteurization process for craft beer, exploring its impact on containers and closures. Focusing on small breweries, it have been assess various treatments and find that batch immersion pasteurization post-bottling is optimal. Commercial crowns withstand pasteurization without altering the inner plastic material, crucial for extending the shelf life of craft beers, especially non-alcoholic variants.

Methods:

Artisanal pasteurization of craft beer batches was performed after evaluating available methods. Given the lack of literature on craft beer pasteurization, this study offers essential insights for the artisanal beer sector. Analyses of crown corks pre- and post-pasteurization were conducted using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Organoleptic analysis of pasteurized beers was also conducted.

Results:

DSC results indicate the film’s glass transition temperature (Tg) is around 62°C, while pasteurization at 66°C for 30 min did not degrade the polymer. Pressure retention and FTIR spectra show no clear differences between reference, pasteurized, and unpasteurized samples. Immersion pasteurization at 66°C with the analysed crowns is suitable for bottling craft beers without affecting polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Conclusions:

The study concludes that the chosen pasteurization process does not impact crown PVC, ensuring its suitability for craft beer bottling. Severe pasteurization can alter beer qualities, but at 66°C, no such effects were observed in the organoleptic analysis.

[Names] => Rut Domínguez ... Manuel Domínguez [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00025 [Published] => February 26, 2024 [Viewed] => 443 [Downloaded] => 20 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00025 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 133 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:43–66 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Beer, pasteurization, container, bottling, crown cork, polyvinyl chloride [DetailTitle] => The food (r)evolution towards food quality/security and human nutrition [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/133 [Id] => 101025 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101025/853cf6b96944e0008420e3be2cee4a68.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101025/ea8e27ada9f338dd7ef7ef53eb633c78.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Domínguez R, Notario B, Jiménez M, Espinosa MdM, Romero L, Domínguez M. Increasing of craft beer shelf life, with and without alcohol, through immersion batch pasteurization. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:43–66. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00025 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-02-26 02:05:58 [Bib_Time] => 2024-02-26 02:05:58 [KeysWordContens] => Increasing of craft beer shelf life, with and without alcohol, through immersion batch pasteurization, Beer, pasteurization, container, bottling, crown cork, polyvinyl chloride, Aim: This study delves into the pasteurization process for craft beer, exploring its impact on containers and closures. Focusing on small breweries, it have been assess various treatments and find that batch immersion pasteurization post-bottling is optimal. Commercial crowns withstand pasteurization without altering the inner plastic material, crucial for extending the shelf life of craft beers, especially non-alcoholic variants. Methods: Artisanal pasteurization of craft beer batches was performed after evaluating available methods. Given the lack of literature on craft beer pasteurization, this study offers essential insights for the artisanal beer sector. Analyses of crown corks pre- and post-pasteurization were conducted using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Organoleptic analysis of pasteurized beers was also conducted. Results: DSC results indicate the film’s glass transition temperature (Tg) is around 62°C, while pasteurization at 66°C for 30 min did not degrade the polymer. Pressure retention and FTIR spectra show no clear differences between reference, pasteurized, and unpasteurized samples. Immersion pasteurization at 66°C with the analysed crowns is suitable for bottling craft beers without affecting polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Conclusions: The study concludes that the chosen pasteurization process does not impact crown PVC, ensuring its suitability for craft beer bottling. Severe pasteurization can alter beer qualities, but at 66°C, no such effects were observed in the organoleptic analysis. ,Rut Domínguez ... Manuel Domínguez [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 88 [Zh] => 1 ) [25] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1131 [Create_Time] => 2024-02-27 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202402/20240226094125.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101026/101026.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101026/101026.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101026/101026_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Rice bran oil-in-water optimized emulsions for the development of plant-based foods and beverages [Abstract] => Aim: This work aimed to develop rice bran oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions, stabilized with different mixtures of pea protein concentrate (PPC), Arabic gum (AG), and maltodextrin (MD), as the basis f [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This work aimed to develop rice bran oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions, stabilized with different mixtures of pea protein concentrate (PPC), Arabic gum (AG), and maltodextrin (MD), as the basis for the formulation of plant-based food products.

Methods:

The effects of the aqueous phase formulation on the properties of the resulting O/W emulsions were evaluated by a mixture design approach. Volume-weighted mean diameter (D[4,3]) of the emulsion particles and polydispersity expressed as the difference of D[4,3] – D[3,2], apparent viscosity at a shear rate of 200 s–1 and backscattering at different times associated to the global stability of the emulsions were studied as response variables. A multi-response optimization was carried out and mathematical models were validated.

Results:

The ternary mixtures of the aqueous phase showed significant antagonism between the three components in all the response variables. The optimal formulation of the aqueous phase for the O/W emulsions obtained after three homogenization cycles was 78% PPC and 22% MD. The properties of the O/W optimal emulsion were according to the ones predicted by the model.

Conclusions:

The best-formulated emulsion is promising for developing plant-based foods and beverages.

[Names] => Lucas O. Benitez ... Juan M. Castagnini [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00026 [Published] => February 27, 2024 [Viewed] => 409 [Downloaded] => 17 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00026 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 219 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:67–82 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Oil-in-water emulsion, rice bran oil, valve high-pressure homogenizer, response surface methodology [DetailTitle] => Delivery of Hydrophobic Compounds in Food Systems [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/219 [Id] => 101026 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101026/c4f0696e5fcc65ad82dabc815276ff35.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101026/8fa08cf099a692b88b97627537d1f69f.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Benitez LO, Petelin R, Malvasio M, Monetta D, Rasia M, Musumeci MA, et al. Rice bran oil-in-water optimized emulsions for the development of plant-based foods and beverages. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:67–82. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00026 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-02-22 08:33:26 [Bib_Time] => 2024-02-23 01:31:14 [KeysWordContens] => Rice bran oil-in-water optimized emulsions for the development of plant-based foods and beverages, Oil-in-water emulsion, rice bran oil, valve high-pressure homogenizer, response surface methodology, Aim: This work aimed to develop rice bran oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions, stabilized with different mixtures of pea protein concentrate (PPC), Arabic gum (AG), and maltodextrin (MD), as the basis for the formulation of plant-based food products. Methods: The effects of the aqueous phase formulation on the properties of the resulting O/W emulsions were evaluated by a mixture design approach. Volume-weighted mean diameter (D[4,3]) of the emulsion particles and polydispersity expressed as the difference of D[4,3] – D[3,2], apparent viscosity at a shear rate of 200 s–1 and backscattering at different times associated to the global stability of the emulsions were studied as response variables. A multi-response optimization was carried out and mathematical models were validated. Results: The ternary mixtures of the aqueous phase showed significant antagonism between the three components in all the response variables. The optimal formulation of the aqueous phase for the O/W emulsions obtained after three homogenization cycles was 78% PPC and 22% MD. The properties of the O/W optimal emulsion were according to the ones predicted by the model. Conclusions: The best-formulated emulsion is promising for developing plant-based foods and beverages. ,Lucas O. Benitez ... Juan M. Castagnini [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 22 [Zh] => 1 ) [26] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1139 [Create_Time] => 2024-02-28 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202402/20240228004652.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101027/101027.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101027/101027.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101027/101027_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Ellagitannins from Eucalyptus camaldulensis and their potential use in the food industry [Abstract] => Plants play a key role in the treatment and prevention of diseases since ancient times. Eucalyptus has been traditionally used in the treatment of conditions related to the respiratory system, such [AbstractComplete] =>

Plants play a key role in the treatment and prevention of diseases since ancient times. Eucalyptus has been traditionally used in the treatment of conditions related to the respiratory system, such as flu, colds, sore throats, bronchitis, as well as neuralgia, and stiffness. Eucalyptus camaldulensis has several phytoconstituents such as ellagitannins endowed with bioactivity, including antioxidant and inhibitory potential on various microorganisms causing foodborne diseases. Tellimagrandin I, pedunculagin, castalagin/vescalagin are among the most representative and have activity against pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Bacillus cereus. These antioxidant ellagitannins may have potential application in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. The main industrial uses of E. camaldulensis are related to the production of wood, paper, and charcoal, with its leaves and branches considered by-products from these industrial activities. However, these plant by-products could be used to obtain bioactive compounds for the development of new and improved consumer goods. Therefore, the aim of this work was to review the main ellagitannins of E. camaldulensis and their antioxidant and antibacterial activities in foodborne microorganisms, as well as the relevance that these compounds may have in the food industry and related sectors.

[Names] => Eliseo Sánchez-Loredo ... Juan A. Ascacio-Valdés [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00027 [Published] => February 27, 2024 [Viewed] => 1328 [Downloaded] => 30 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00027 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 1 [Issue] => 1 [Topic] => 133 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:83–100 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Antioxidants, ellagitannins, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, foodborne microorganisms, natural ingredients [DetailTitle] => The food (r)evolution towards food quality/security and human nutrition [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/133 [Id] => 101027 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101027/98adf19637eaf94fd95d19b501752e6e.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101027/e8c25ff6d2a29f234592536ec3c283ec.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Sánchez-Loredo E, Sepúlveda L, Wong-Paz JE, Palomo-Ligas L, Rodriguez-Herrera R, Aguilar CN, et al. Ellagitannins from Eucalyptus camaldulensis and their potential use in the food industry. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:83–100. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00027 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-02-28 03:08:33 [Bib_Time] => 2024-02-23 05:12:28 [KeysWordContens] => Ellagitannins from Eucalyptus camaldulensis and their potential use in the food industry, Antioxidants, ellagitannins, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, foodborne microorganisms, natural ingredients, Plants play a key role in the treatment and prevention of diseases since ancient times. Eucalyptus has been traditionally used in the treatment of conditions related to the respiratory system, such as flu, colds, sore throats, bronchitis, as well as neuralgia, and stiffness. Eucalyptus camaldulensis has several phytoconstituents such as ellagitannins endowed with bioactivity, including antioxidant and inhibitory potential on various microorganisms causing foodborne diseases. Tellimagrandin I, pedunculagin, castalagin/vescalagin are among the most representative and have activity against pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Bacillus cereus. These antioxidant ellagitannins may have potential application in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. The main industrial uses of E. camaldulensis are related to the production of wood, paper, and charcoal, with its leaves and branches considered by-products from these industrial activities. However, these plant by-products could be used to obtain bioactive compounds for the development of new and improved consumer goods. Therefore, the aim of this work was to review the main ellagitannins of E. camaldulensis and their antioxidant and antibacterial activities in foodborne microorganisms, as well as the relevance that these compounds may have in the food industry and related sectors. ,Eliseo Sánchez-Loredo ... Juan A. Ascacio-Valdés [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 87 [Zh] => 1 ) [27] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1174 [Create_Time] => 2024-03-18 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202403/20240318033932.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101028/101028.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101028/101028.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101028/101028_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => High intake of sunflower seeds and low mortality from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia: is there a correlation? [Abstract] => Alzheimer’s disease, a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disorder, is the most prevalent form of dementia with an increasingly growing incidence rate worldwide. As no effective therap [AbstractComplete] =>

Alzheimer’s disease, a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disorder, is the most prevalent form of dementia with an increasingly growing incidence rate worldwide. As no effective therapeutic modalities are still available for the treatment of this serious disabling condition, lifestyle modifications, especially nutritional interventions, have been shown to be important in its prevention and symptomatic alleviation. In this short perspective article, an inverse association between the intake of sunflower seeds and the mortality from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia is proposed, showing that in the countries with the highest consumption of sunflower seeds, the death rate from this neurodegenerative disorder is low. The bioactive ingredients of sunflower seeds and their possible neuroprotective mechanisms are further unraveled, highlighting the potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory and neurotrophic effects of tocopherols, unsaturated fatty acids and phytosterols. Among the latter agents, β-sitosterol might be particularly important in combating Alzheimer’s disease by enhancing the levels of nerve growth factor and thereby promoting neurite formation. If future epidemiological studies will confirm the proposed inverse association between the intake of sunflower seeds and the development of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, it is easy to include appropriate sunflower seed products in the everyday diet to protect against the pathogenesis and progression of this neurodegenerative disorder, especially in individuals with a genetic predisposition. Considering the rather long latency period before clinical manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease, nutritional approaches with specific foods might be a promising strategy for fighting against dementia.

[Names] => Katrin Sak [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00028 [Published] => March 18, 2024 [Viewed] => 234 [Downloaded] => 15 [Subject] => Perspective [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00028 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 0 [Issue] => [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:101–106 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Sunflower seeds, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, phytosterols, molecular mechanisms, dietary intervention [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101028 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101028/16b23b8ade25538fe34226cab604cfee.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101028/ed057873cf02d729ab67f4722c967a7a.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Sak K. High intake of sunflower seeds and low mortality from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia: is there a correlation? Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:101–6. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00028 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-03-14 08:24:59 [Bib_Time] => 2024-03-14 07:56:35 [KeysWordContens] => High intake of sunflower seeds and low mortality from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia: is there a correlation?, Sunflower seeds, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, phytosterols, molecular mechanisms, dietary intervention, Alzheimer’s disease, a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disorder, is the most prevalent form of dementia with an increasingly growing incidence rate worldwide. As no effective therapeutic modalities are still available for the treatment of this serious disabling condition, lifestyle modifications, especially nutritional interventions, have been shown to be important in its prevention and symptomatic alleviation. In this short perspective article, an inverse association between the intake of sunflower seeds and the mortality from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia is proposed, showing that in the countries with the highest consumption of sunflower seeds, the death rate from this neurodegenerative disorder is low. The bioactive ingredients of sunflower seeds and their possible neuroprotective mechanisms are further unraveled, highlighting the potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory and neurotrophic effects of tocopherols, unsaturated fatty acids and phytosterols. Among the latter agents, β-sitosterol might be particularly important in combating Alzheimer’s disease by enhancing the levels of nerve growth factor and thereby promoting neurite formation. If future epidemiological studies will confirm the proposed inverse association between the intake of sunflower seeds and the development of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, it is easy to include appropriate sunflower seed products in the everyday diet to protect against the pathogenesis and progression of this neurodegenerative disorder, especially in individuals with a genetic predisposition. Considering the rather long latency period before clinical manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease, nutritional approaches with specific foods might be a promising strategy for fighting against dementia. ,Katrin Sak [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 22 [Zh] => 1 ) [28] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1189 [Create_Time] => 2024-04-10 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202404/20240402082035.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101029/101029.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101029/101029.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101029/cover_101030.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Development of chia oil-in-water nanoemulsions using different homogenization technologies and the layer-by-layer technique [Abstract] => Aim: The present study investigates the influence of various homogenization techniques, namely high-pressure valve homogenization and microfluidization, and different forms of modified sunflower [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

The present study investigates the influence of various homogenization techniques, namely high-pressure valve homogenization and microfluidization, and different forms of modified sunflower lecithin, including deoiled (DL) and hydrolyzed (HL) variants, on the development of monolayer and bilayer nanoemulsions of chia oil.

Methods:

Oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions with 5% chia seed oil were prepared using simple (0.5% DL or HL) or double-layer [0.5% DL or HL and 0.3% chitosan (Ch)] stabilization. This involved a two-step homogenization process, utilizing either microfluidization or high-pressure valve homogenization. Chia oil nanoemulsions were characterized by their zeta potential, particle size, and rheological properties. Besides, their physical stability and omega-3 content during refrigerated storage were evaluated.

Results:

Overall, the studied modified sunflower lecithin (DL and HL) demonstrated effective capability in stabilizing chia nanoemulsions and facilitating the formation of the double-layered structure following Ch deposition. Concerning the homogenization method, it has been demonstrated that under the same homogenization conditions, microfluidization resulted in significantly smaller droplet sizes and higher apparent viscosities compared to high-pressure valve homogenization. This discrepancy can be attributed to the design of the homogenization chambers, as microfluidization generates a narrow distribution of shear forces, while high-pressure valve homogenization yields a much broader distribution. In contrast to chia monolayer nanoemulsions, the nanoemulsions stabilized by modified sunflower lecithin-Ch demonstrated a noteworthy improvement in their overall stability. This enhancement can be ascribed to their increased apparent viscosity and the highly charged interfaces of the droplets. Furthermore, throughout the entire refrigerated storage period, the omega-3 content in all nanoemulsions remained unchanged.

Conclusions:

In this study, mono and bilayer chia oil nanoemulsions were successfully obtained using modified sunflower lecithin and high-energy techniques. Microfluidization outperformed high-pressure valve homogenization, resulting in smaller droplets and increased viscosity. These findings are relevant for designing stable chia oil nanoemulsions with natural components, offering substantial health benefits.

[Names] => Luciana M. Julio ... Vanesa Y. Ixtaina [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00029 [Published] => April 10, 2024 [Viewed] => 109 [Downloaded] => 9 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00029 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 0 [Issue] => 2 [Topic] => 219 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:107–124 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Chia oil, modified sunflower lecithin, microfluidization, high-pressure valve homogenization [DetailTitle] => Delivery of Hydrophobic Compounds in Food Systems [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/219 [Id] => 101029 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101029/ee6505bde24344c4a34be852468220a7.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101029/404e2cdb43974a803d3ee312d09e3c11.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Julio LM, Copado CN, Diehl BWK, Tomás MC, Ixtaina VY. Development of chia oil-in-water nanoemulsions using different homogenization technologies and the layer-by-layer technique. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:107–24. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00029 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-03-26 07:34:40 [Bib_Time] => 2024-03-26 07:34:40 [KeysWordContens] => Development of chia oil-in-water nanoemulsions using different homogenization technologies and the layer-by-layer technique, Chia oil, modified sunflower lecithin, microfluidization, high-pressure valve homogenization, Aim: The present study investigates the influence of various homogenization techniques, namely high-pressure valve homogenization and microfluidization, and different forms of modified sunflower lecithin, including deoiled (DL) and hydrolyzed (HL) variants, on the development of monolayer and bilayer nanoemulsions of chia oil. Methods: Oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions with 5% chia seed oil were prepared using simple (0.5% DL or HL) or double-layer [0.5% DL or HL and 0.3% chitosan (Ch)] stabilization. This involved a two-step homogenization process, utilizing either microfluidization or high-pressure valve homogenization. Chia oil nanoemulsions were characterized by their zeta potential, particle size, and rheological properties. Besides, their physical stability and omega-3 content during refrigerated storage were evaluated. Results: Overall, the studied modified sunflower lecithin (DL and HL) demonstrated effective capability in stabilizing chia nanoemulsions and facilitating the formation of the double-layered structure following Ch deposition. Concerning the homogenization method, it has been demonstrated that under the same homogenization conditions, microfluidization resulted in significantly smaller droplet sizes and higher apparent viscosities compared to high-pressure valve homogenization. This discrepancy can be attributed to the design of the homogenization chambers, as microfluidization generates a narrow distribution of shear forces, while high-pressure valve homogenization yields a much broader distribution. In contrast to chia monolayer nanoemulsions, the nanoemulsions stabilized by modified sunflower lecithin-Ch demonstrated a noteworthy improvement in their overall stability. This enhancement can be ascribed to their increased apparent viscosity and the highly charged interfaces of the droplets. Furthermore, throughout the entire refrigerated storage period, the omega-3 content in all nanoemulsions remained unchanged. Conclusions: In this study, mono and bilayer chia oil nanoemulsions were successfully obtained using modified sunflower lecithin and high-energy techniques. Microfluidization outperformed high-pressure valve homogenization, resulting in smaller droplets and increased viscosity. These findings are relevant for designing stable chia oil nanoemulsions with natural components, offering substantial health benefits. ,Luciana M. Julio ... Vanesa Y. Ixtaina [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 87 [Zh] => 1 ) [29] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1222 [Create_Time] => 2024-04-19 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202404/20240416083313.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101030/101030.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101030/101030.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101030/101030_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Recent advances in nano-related natural antioxidants, their extraction methods and applications in the food industry [Abstract] => Natural antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds, carotenoids, vitamins, and microelements, are predominant in fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices. The accretion interest of consumers in utilizing [AbstractComplete] =>

Natural antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds, carotenoids, vitamins, and microelements, are predominant in fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices. The accretion interest of consumers in utilizing natural ingredients in food products, have accelerated the appeal for functional “natural” operations. Therefore, understanding how natural antioxidants especially nano-antioxidants, and their delivery systems when used in antioxidant polymers for food packaging are extracted from natural sources, would help prevent oxidation reactions. Given the increasing role of natural antioxidants in the daily lives of today’s communities, a continuous synthesis of relevant literature is pertinent. To supplement existing information, recent advances in nano-related natural antioxidants, their extraction methods and applications in the food industry are discussed in this current work. Insightfully positioning antioxidants within the nano-delivery systems, this current work reveals the potential nanotechnology provides in enhancing the absorption of antioxidants in human metabolic systems.

[Names] => Ayla Elmi Kashtiban ... Sayna Zahedinia [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00030 [Published] => April 19, 2024 [Viewed] => 55 [Downloaded] => 6 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00030 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 0 [Issue] => [Topic] => 133 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:125–154 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Natural antioxidants, nano-antioxidants, novel extraction methods, active packaging [DetailTitle] => The food (r)evolution towards food quality/security and human nutrition [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/133 [Id] => 101030 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101030/18638e0c1f27f57c7a4155cdd01e51c9.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101030/58b4dd8e0e06776f6b196804ef561883.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Kashtiban AE, Okpala COR, Karimidastjerd A, Zahedinia S. Recent advances in nano-related natural antioxidants, their extraction methods and applications in the food industry. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:125–54. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00030 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-04-16 08:33:14 [Bib_Time] => 2024-04-16 08:33:14 [KeysWordContens] => Recent advances in nano-related natural antioxidants, their extraction methods and applications in the food industry, Natural antioxidants, nano-antioxidants, novel extraction methods, active packaging, Natural antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds, carotenoids, vitamins, and microelements, are predominant in fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices. The accretion interest of consumers in utilizing natural ingredients in food products, have accelerated the appeal for functional “natural” operations. Therefore, understanding how natural antioxidants especially nano-antioxidants, and their delivery systems when used in antioxidant polymers for food packaging are extracted from natural sources, would help prevent oxidation reactions. Given the increasing role of natural antioxidants in the daily lives of today’s communities, a continuous synthesis of relevant literature is pertinent. To supplement existing information, recent advances in nano-related natural antioxidants, their extraction methods and applications in the food industry are discussed in this current work. Insightfully positioning antioxidants within the nano-delivery systems, this current work reveals the potential nanotechnology provides in enhancing the absorption of antioxidants in human metabolic systems. ,Ayla Elmi Kashtiban ... Sayna Zahedinia [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 77 [Zh] => 0 ) [30] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1223 [Create_Time] => 2024-04-19 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202404/20240419094629.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101031/101031.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101031/101031.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101031/101031_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Roles of nutrition in minimizing stress-related infertility: a narrative review [Abstract] => Infertility is a crucial and common health issue worldwide, that affects people both physiologically and psychosocially. The condition is described as the disease of the reproductive system of eithe [AbstractComplete] =>

Infertility is a crucial and common health issue worldwide, that affects people both physiologically and psychosocially. The condition is described as the disease of the reproductive system of either male or female or both, incapability to instate a pregnancy after one year or more than twelve months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse or six months for women aged 35 years or more. Presently, the etiology of infertility is not well understood, many genetic factors, lifestyle factors, and environmental conditions such as stress work, oxidative stress, unbalanced nutrition, and unhealthy dietary patterns have been implicated to interfere with reproductive safety in both the sex. The nutritional factors are known to be amenable to normal and healthy reproductive function in both males and females. According to many studies, increased energy intake, dietary behavioral change, and low physical activity are responsible for epidemic disorders such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity that affect reproductive health as well, and clear evidence indicates that there is a connection between inappropriate nutrition and sperm quality. Endocrinal disruption, occupational stress, and lifestyle behavior are positively linked with the pathophysiology of infecundity. Imbalance intake of both macro and micronutrients negatively affects normal reproductive function. Changes in eating behavior, and unhealthy dietary patterns such as a higher intake of food prepared with saturated and trans fats, spicy and salty foods, and a lower intake of antioxidants including fruit and vegetables are associated with reproductive life. This narrative review summarized that many studies with more consumption of fruit, vegetables, whole cereals, meat, poultry, skim milk, and seafood and less consumption of fried, spicy, salty, sugary, processed cereals and meats are linked with good sperm count.

[Names] => Luxita Sharma, Dhananjay Sharma [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00031 [Published] => April 19, 2024 [Viewed] => 61 [Downloaded] => 9 [Subject] => Review [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00031 [Inline] => 1 [Type] => 0 [Issue] => [Topic] => 0 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:155–170 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Infertility, nutrition, stress, anovulation, oligospermia, antioxidant [DetailTitle] => [DetailUrl] => [Id] => 101031 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101031/fdca87360d41e1b1f5f3a0191ee389a3.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101031/c66c75fd00897d9c4ed54e15363162ac.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Sharma L, Sharma D. Roles of nutrition in minimizing stress-related infertility: a narrative review. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:155–70. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00031 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-04-19 09:46:29 [Bib_Time] => 2024-04-19 09:46:29 [KeysWordContens] => Roles of nutrition in minimizing stress-related infertility: a narrative review, Infertility, nutrition, stress, anovulation, oligospermia, antioxidant, Infertility is a crucial and common health issue worldwide, that affects people both physiologically and psychosocially. The condition is described as the disease of the reproductive system of either male or female or both, incapability to instate a pregnancy after one year or more than twelve months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse or six months for women aged 35 years or more. Presently, the etiology of infertility is not well understood, many genetic factors, lifestyle factors, and environmental conditions such as stress work, oxidative stress, unbalanced nutrition, and unhealthy dietary patterns have been implicated to interfere with reproductive safety in both the sex. The nutritional factors are known to be amenable to normal and healthy reproductive function in both males and females. According to many studies, increased energy intake, dietary behavioral change, and low physical activity are responsible for epidemic disorders such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity that affect reproductive health as well, and clear evidence indicates that there is a connection between inappropriate nutrition and sperm quality. Endocrinal disruption, occupational stress, and lifestyle behavior are positively linked with the pathophysiology of infecundity. Imbalance intake of both macro and micronutrients negatively affects normal reproductive function. Changes in eating behavior, and unhealthy dietary patterns such as a higher intake of food prepared with saturated and trans fats, spicy and salty foods, and a lower intake of antioxidants including fruit and vegetables are associated with reproductive life. This narrative review summarized that many studies with more consumption of fruit, vegetables, whole cereals, meat, poultry, skim milk, and seafood and less consumption of fried, spicy, salty, sugary, processed cereals and meats are linked with good sperm count. ,Luxita Sharma, Dhananjay Sharma [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 77 [Zh] => 0 ) [31] => Array ( [ArticleId] => 1233 [Create_Time] => 2024-04-12 [zipUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/zip/202404/20240422051936.zip [xmlUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101032/101032.xml [pdfUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101032/101032.pdf [coverUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101032/101032_cover.png [JournalsId] => 12 [Title] => Metals and metalloid in medicinal plants: occurrence and risk assessment to human health [Abstract] => Aim: This study was aimed at determining the levels of trace elements in six medicinal plants of tropical origin. Methods: The levels of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in Albizia gl [AbstractComplete] =>

Aim:

This study was aimed at determining the levels of trace elements in six medicinal plants of tropical origin.

Methods:

The levels of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in Albizia glaberrima (AG), Aristolochia ringens (AR), Brysocarpus coccineus (BC), Ipomoea asarifolia (IA), Sansevieria liberica (SL), and Telfairia occidentalis (TO) were determined using an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The estimated dietary intakes of the metals, hazard quotients (HQ), and hazard index (HI) were calculated.

Results:

The highest levels of Cd, Pb, Zn, and Fe were detected in IA. BC had the highest levels of Mn and Ni while AR had the highest levels of Cu, Co, and As. However, the levels of the metals were mostly below the permissible limits in the plants. The estimated dietary weekly intakes (EWIs) were below the provisional tolerable weekly intake for each chemical element. The EWIs range values were 21.566–643.114 µg/kg per day (kg is the unit of body weight), 0.008–1.529 µg/kg per day, 0.6–7.815 µg/kg per day, 67.569–215.889 µg/kg per day, 4.305–185.451 µg/kg per day, 0.225–1.704 µg/kg per day, 1.03–10.2 µg/kg per day, 0.933–2.286 µg/kg per day, and 62.554–854.4 µg/kg per day for Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, Mn, Co, Ni, As, and Fe, respectively. The HQ values of the elements were less than 1 except for Cu in AR (1.321). The values of lifetime cancer risks exceeded the permissible limit in all the plant materials.

Conclusions:

The findings from the study revealed that the consumption of TO, SL, and AG for medicinal purposes has no inherent non-carcinogenic toxicity while the consumption of AR, IA, and BC has some risks of non-carcinogenic toxic. However, the six plant materials showed inherent risks of carcinogenic events, as such their use for medicinal purposes must be cautious, maybe by reducing both the ingestion rate and the frequency of intake.

[Names] => Joseph A. Adeyemi ... Fernando Barbosa [Doi] => 10.37349/eff.2024.00032 [Published] => April 26, 2024 [Viewed] => 23 [Downloaded] => 2 [Subject] => Original Article [Year] => 2024 [CiteUrl] => https://api.crossref.org/works/10.37349/eff.2024.00032 [Inline] => 0 [Type] => 0 [Issue] => [Topic] => 270 [TitleAbbr] => Explor Foods Foodomics. [Pages] => 2024;2:171–182 [Recommend] => 0 [Keywords] => Traditional medicine, medicinal plants, toxic elements contamination, health risk assessment, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry [DetailTitle] => Organic and Inorganic Compounds in Foods and Plants from Latin America [DetailUrl] => https://www.explorationpub.com/Journals/eff/Special_Issues/270 [Id] => 101032 [ris] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101032/a22e71165e61f10dd7522902b525b155.ris [bib] => https://www.explorationpub.com/uploads/Article/A101032/1445e18c4cb7dafb2ed4531c95043761.bib [ens] => [Cited] => 0 [Cited_Time] => [CitethisArticle] => Adeyemi JA, Akindele AJ, Salami OS, Rocha BA, de Oliveira-Souza VC, Bankole VO, et al. Metals and metalloid in medicinal plants: occurrence and risk assessment to human health. Explor Foods Foodomics. 2024;2:171–82. https://doi.org/10.37349/eff.2024.00032 [Jindex] => 0 [CName] => [CEmail] => [Ris_Time] => 2024-04-22 05:19:37 [Bib_Time] => 2024-04-22 05:19:37 [KeysWordContens] => Metals and metalloid in medicinal plants: occurrence and risk assessment to human health, Traditional medicine, medicinal plants, toxic elements contamination, health risk assessment, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, Aim: This study was aimed at determining the levels of trace elements in six medicinal plants of tropical origin. Methods: The levels of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in Albizia glaberrima (AG), Aristolochia ringens (AR), Brysocarpus coccineus (BC), Ipomoea asarifolia (IA), Sansevieria liberica (SL), and Telfairia occidentalis (TO) were determined using an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The estimated dietary intakes of the metals, hazard quotients (HQ), and hazard index (HI) were calculated. Results: The highest levels of Cd, Pb, Zn, and Fe were detected in IA. BC had the highest levels of Mn and Ni while AR had the highest levels of Cu, Co, and As. However, the levels of the metals were mostly below the permissible limits in the plants. The estimated dietary weekly intakes (EWIs) were below the provisional tolerable weekly intake for each chemical element. The EWIs range values were 21.566–643.114 µg/kg per day (kg is the unit of body weight), 0.008–1.529 µg/kg per day, 0.6–7.815 µg/kg per day, 67.569–215.889 µg/kg per day, 4.305–185.451 µg/kg per day, 0.225–1.704 µg/kg per day, 1.03–10.2 µg/kg per day, 0.933–2.286 µg/kg per day, and 62.554–854.4 µg/kg per day for Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, Mn, Co, Ni, As, and Fe, respectively. The HQ values of the elements were less than 1 except for Cu in AR (1.321). The values of lifetime cancer risks exceeded the permissible limit in all the plant materials. Conclusions: The findings from the study revealed that the consumption of TO, SL, and AG for medicinal purposes has no inherent non-carcinogenic toxicity while the consumption of AR, IA, and BC has some risks of non-carcinogenic toxic. However, the six plant materials showed inherent risks of carcinogenic events, as such their use for medicinal purposes must be cautious, maybe by reducing both the ingestion rate and the frequency of intake. ,Joseph A. Adeyemi ... Fernando Barbosa [PublishedText] => Published [IsEdit] => 0 [AccountId] => 77 [Zh] => 0 ) )